Adds summary statistics to all search results in a streaming manner.
streamstats command is similar to the
eventstats command except that it uses events before a given event to compute the aggregate statistics applied to each event. If you want to include the given event in the stats calculations, use current=true, which is the default.
streamstats command is also similar to the
stats command in that
streamstats calculates summary statistics on search results. Unlike
stats, which works on the results as a whole,
streamstats calculates statistics for each event at the time the event is seen.
streamstats [current=<bool>] [window=<int>] [global=<bool>] [allnum=<bool>] <stats-agg-term>... [<by clause>]
- Syntax: <stats-func>( <evaled-field> | <wc-field> ) [AS <wc-field>]
- Description: A statistical aggregation function. Use the AS clause to place the result into a new field with a name that you specify. The function can be applied to an eval expression, or to a field or set of fields. You can use wild card characters in field names.
- Syntax: current=<bool>
- Description: If true, tells the search to include the given, or current, event in the summary calculations. If false, tells the search to use the field value from the previous event.
- Default: true
- Syntax: window=<int>
- Description: The window option specifies the number of events to use when computing the statistics.
- Default: 0, which means that all previous (plus current) events are used.
- Syntax: global=<bool>
- Description: Defines whether the window is global or for each field in the by clause. If
windowis set to a non-zero value, a separate window is used for each group of values of the group by fields.
- Default: true
- Syntax: allnum=<bool>
- Description: If true, computes numerical statistics on each field if and only if all of the values of that field are numerical.
- Default: false
- by clause
- Syntax: BY <field-list>
- Description: The name of one or more fields to group by.
Stats functions options
- Syntax: avg() | c() | count() | dc() | distinct_count() | first() | last() | list() | max() | median() | min() | mode() | p<in>() | perc<int>() | per_day() | per_hour() | per_minute() | per_second() | range() | stdev() | stdevp() | sum() | sumsq() | values() | var() | varp()
- Description: Functions used with the
streamstatscommand. Each time you invoke the
streamstatscommand, you can use more than one function. However, you can only use one
by clause. For a list of statistical functions with descriptions and examples, see Statistical and charting functions.
Functions and memory usage
Some functions are inherently more expensive, from a memory standpoint, than other functions. For example, the
distinct_count function requires far more memory than the
count function. The
list functions also can consume a lot of memory.
If you are using the
distinct_count function without a split-by field or with a low-cardinality split-by by field, consider replacing the
distinct_count function with the the
estdc function (estimated distinct count). The
estdc function might result in significantly lower memory usage and run times.
Each day you track unique users, and you would like to track the cumulative count of distinct users. This example calculates the running total of distinct users over time.
eventtype="download" | bin _time span=1d as day | stats values(clientip) as ips dc(clientip) by day | streamstats dc(ips) as "Cumulative total"
This search returns a table that includes:
This example uses
streamstats to produce hourly cumulative totals for category values.
... | timechart span=1h sum(value) as total by category | streamstats global=f sum(total) as accu_total
timechart command buckets the events into spans of 1 hour and counts the total values for each category. The
timechart command also fills NULL values, so that there are no missing values. Then, the
streamstats command is used to calculate the accumulated total.
This example uses
streamstats to figure out when a DHCP IP lease address changed for a MAC address, 54:00:00:00:00:00.
source=dhcp MAC=54:00:00:00:00:00 | head 10 | streamstats current=f last(DHCP_IP) as new_dhcp_ip last(_time) as time_of_change by MAC
You can also clean up the presentation to display a table of the DHCP IP address changes and the times the occurred.
source=dhcp MAC=54:00:00:00:00:00 | head 10 | streamstats current=f last(DHCP_IP) as new_dhcp_ip last(_time) as time_of_change by MAC | where DHCP_IP!=new_dhcp_ip | convert ctime(time_of_change) as time_of_change | rename DHCP_IP as old_dhcp_ip | table time_of_change, MAC, old_dhcp_ip, new_dhcp_ip
For more details, refer to the Splunk Blogs post for this example.
Compute the average value of foo for each value of bar including only 5 events, specified by the window size, with that value of bar.
... | streamstats avg(foo) by bar window=5 global=f
For each event, compute the average of field foo over the last 5 events, including the current event. Similar to doing trendline sma5(foo)
... | streamstats avg(foo) window=5
This example adds to each event a count field that represents the number of events seen so far, including that event. For example, it adds 1 for the first event, 2 for the second event, and so on.
... | streamstats count
If you did not want to include the current event, you would specify:
... | streamstats count current=f
Have questions? Visit Splunk Answers and see what questions and answers the Splunk community has using the streamstats command.
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 4.3, 4.3.1, 4.3.2, 4.3.3, 4.3.4, 4.3.5, 4.3.6, 4.3.7, 5.0, 5.0.1, 5.0.2, 5.0.3, 5.0.4, 5.0.5, 5.0.6, 5.0.7, 5.0.8, 5.0.9, 5.0.10, 5.0.11, 5.0.12, 5.0.13, 5.0.14, 5.0.15, 5.0.16, 5.0.17, 5.0.18, 6.0, 6.0.1, 6.0.2, 6.0.3, 6.0.4, 6.0.5, 6.0.6, 6.0.7, 6.0.8, 6.0.9, 6.0.10, 6.0.11, 6.0.12, 6.0.13, 6.0.14, 6.1, 6.1.1, 6.1.2, 6.1.3, 6.1.4, 6.1.5, 6.1.6, 6.1.7, 6.1.8, 6.1.9, 6.1.10, 6.1.11, 6.1.12, 6.1.13, 6.2.0, 6.2.1, 6.2.2, 6.2.3, 6.2.4, 6.2.5, 6.2.6, 6.2.7, 6.2.8, 6.2.9, 6.2.10, 6.2.11, 6.2.12, 6.2.13, 6.3.0, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.3, 6.3.4, 6.3.5, 6.3.6, 6.3.7, 6.3.8, 6.3.9, 6.3.10, 6.3.11, 6.3.12