Splunk® Enterprise

Search Reference

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All search commands

The table below lists all search commands with a short description and links to their individual reference pages. For a quick guide with examples for use of these search commands, refer to the Search cheat sheet.

Some of these commands share functions -- you can see a list of these functions with descriptions and examples on the following pages: Functions for eval and where and Functions for stats, chart, and timechart.

Command Alias(es) Description See also
abstract excerpt Produces a summary of each search result. highlight
accum Keeps a running total of the specified numeric field. autoregress, delta, trendline, streamstats
addcoltotals Computes an event that contains sum of all numeric fields for previous events. addtotals, stats
addinfo Add fields that contain common information about the current search. search
addtotals Computes the sum of all numeric fields for each result. addcoltotals, stats
analyzefields Analyze numerical fields for their ability to predict another discrete field. anomalousvalue
anomalies Computes an "unexpectedness" score for an event. anomalousvalue, cluster, kmeans, outlier
anomalousvalue Finds and summarizes irregular, or uncommon, search results. analyzefields, anomalies, cluster, kmeans, outlier
append Appends subsearch results to current results. appendcols, appendcsv, join, set
appendcols Appends the fields of the subsearch results to current results, first results to first result, second to second, etc. append, appendcsv, appendlookup, join, set
appendpipe Appends the result of the subpipeline applied to the current result set to results. append, appendcols, join, set
associate Identifies correlations between fields. correlate, contingency
audit Returns audit trail information that is stored in the local audit index.
autoregress Sets up data for calculating the moving average. accum, autoregress, delta, trendline, streamstats
bucket bin, discretize Puts continuous numerical values into discrete sets. chart, timechart
bucketdir Replaces a field value with higher-level grouping, such as replacing filenames with directories. cluster, dedup
chart Returns results in a tabular output for charting. See also, Functions for stats, chart, and timechart. bucket, sichart, timechart
cluster sic Clusters similar events together. anomalies, anomalousvalue, cluster, kmeans, outlier
collect stash Puts search results into a summary index. overlap
concurrency Uses a duration field to find the number of "concurrent" events for each event. timechart
contingency counttable, ctable Builds a contingency table for two fields. associate, correlate
convert Converts field values into numerical values. eval
correlate Calculates the correlation between different fields. associate, contingency
crawl Crawls the filesystem for new sources to index.
dbinspect Returns information about the specified index.
dedup Removes subsequent results that match a specified criteria. uniq
delete Delete specific events or search results.
delta Computes the difference in field value between nearby results. accum, autoregress, trendline, streamstats
diff Returns the difference between two search results.
dispatch Encapsulates long running, streaming reports.
erex Allows you to specify example or counter example values to automatically extract fields that have similar values. extract, kvform, multikv, regex, rex, xmlkv
eval Calculates an expression and puts the value into a field. See also, Functions for eval and where. where
eventstats Adds summary statistics to all search results. stats
extract kv Extracts field-value pairs from search results. kvform, multikv, xmlkv, rex
fieldformat Expresses how to render a field at output time without changing the underlying value. eval, where
fields Removes fields from search results.
file This command is no longer supported. See inputcsv.
filldown Replaces NULL values with the last non-NULL value. fillnull
fillnull Replaces null values with a specified value.
format Takes the results of a subsearch and formats them into a single result.
gauge Transforms results into a format suitable for display by the Gauge chart types.
gentimes Generates time-range results.
head Returns the first number n of specified results. reverse, tail
highlight Causes Splunk Web to highlight specified terms.
history Returns a history of searches formatted as an events list or as a table. search
iconify Causes Splunk Web to make a unique icon for each value of the fields listed. highlight
input Adds sources to Splunk or disables sources from being processed by Splunk.
inputcsv Loads search results from the specified CSV file. loadjob, outputcsv
inputlookup Loads search results from a specified static lookup table. inputcsv, join, lookup, outputlookup
iplocation Extracts location information from IP addresses.
join SQL-like joining of results from the main results pipeline with the results from the subpipeline. selfjoin, appendcols
kmeans Performs k-means clustering on selected fields. anomalies, anomalousvalue, cluster, outlier
kvform Extracts values from search results, using a form template. extract, kvform, multikv, xmlkv, rex
loadjob Loads search results from a specified CSV file. inputcsv
localize Returns a list of the time ranges in which the search results were found. map, transaction
lookup Explicitly invokes field value lookups.
makecontinuous Makes a field that is supposed to be the x-axis continuous (invoked by chart/timechart) chart, timechart
makemv Change a specified field into a multivalued field during a search. mvcombine, mvexpand, nomv
map A looping operator, performs a search over each search result.
metadata Returns a list of source, sourcetypes, or hosts from a specified index or distributed search peer. dbinspect
metasearch Retrieves event metadata from indexes based on terms in the logical expression. metadata, search
multikv Extracts field-values from table-formatted events.
mvcombine Combines events in search results that have a single differing field value into one result with a multivalue field of the differing field. mvexpand, makemv, nomv
mvexpand Expands the values of a multivalue field nto separate events for each value of the multivalue field. mvcombine, makemv, nomv
nomv Changes a specified multivalued field into a single-value field at search time. makemv, mvcombine, mvexpand
outlier outlierfilter Removes outlying numerical values. anomalies, anomalousvalue, cluster, kmeans
outputcsv Outputs search results to a specified CSV file. inputcsv, outputtext
outputlookup Writes search results to the specified static lookup table. inputlookup, lookup, outputcsv, outputlookup
outputtext Ouputs the raw text field (_raw) of results into the _xml field. outputtext
overlap Finds events in a summary index that overlap in time or have missed events. collect
rangemap Sets RANGE field to the name of the ranges that match.
rare Displays the least common values of a field. sirare, stats, top
regex Removes results that do not match the specified regular expression. rex, search
relevancy Calculates how well the event matches the query.
reltime Converts the difference between 'now' and '_time' to a human-readable value and adds adds this value to the field, 'reltime', in your search results. convert
rename Renames a specified field; wildcards can be used to specify multiple fields.
replace Replaces values of specified fields with a specified new value.
rest Access a REST endpoint and display the returned entities as search results.
reverse Reverses the order of the results. head, sort, tail
rex Specify a Perl regular expression named groups to extract fields while you search. extract, kvform, multikv, xmlkv, regex
rtorder Buffers events from real-time search to emit them in ascending time order when possible.
run See script.
savedsearch macro, savedsplunk Returns the search results of a saved search.
script run Runs an external Perl or Python script as part of your search.
scrub Anonymizes the search results.
search Searches Splunk indexes for matching events.
searchtxn Finds transaction events within specified search constraints. transaction
selfjoin Joins results with itself. join
sendemail Emails search results to a specified email address.
set Performs set operations on subsearches.
setfields Sets the field values for all results to a common value. eval, fillnull, rename
sichart Summary indexing version of chart. chart, sitimechart, timechart
sirare Summary indexing version of rare. rare
sistats Summary indexing version of stats. stats
sitimechart Summary indexing version of timechart. chart, sichart, timechart
sitop Summary indexing version of top. top
sort Sorts search results by the specified fields. reverse
spath Provides a straightforward means for extracting fields from structured data formats, XML and JSON. xpath
stats Provides statistics, grouped optionally by fields. See also, Functions for stats, chart, and timechart. eventstats, top, rare
strcat Concatenates string values.
streamstats Adds summary statistics to all search results in a streaming manner. eventstats, stats
table Creates a table using the specified fields. fields
tags Annotates specified fields in your search results with tags. eval
tail Returns the last number n of specified results. head, reverse
timechart Create a time series chart and corresponding table of statistics. See also, Functions for stats, chart, and timechart. chart, bucket
top common Displays the most common values of a field. rare, stats
transaction transam Groups search results into transactions.
transpose Reformats rows of search results as columns.
trendline Computes moving averages of fields. timechart
typeahead Returns typeahead information on a specified prefix.
typelearner Generates suggested eventtypes. typer
typer Calculates the eventtypes for the search results. typelearner
uniq Removes any search that is an exact duplicate with a previous result. dedup
untable Converts results from a tabular format to a format similar to stats output. Inverse of xyseries.
where Performs arbitrary filtering on your data. See also, Functions for eval and where. eval
xmlkv Extracts XML key-value pairs. extract, kvform, multikv, rex
xmlunescape Unescapes XML.
xpath Redefines the XML path.
xyseries Converts results into a format suitable for graphing.
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This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 4.3, 4.3.1, 4.3.2, 4.3.3, 4.3.4, 4.3.5, 4.3.6, 4.3.7


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