Specify time modifiers in your search
When searching or saving a search, you can specify absolute and relative time ranges using the following time modifiers:
An absolute time range uses specific dates and times, for example, from 12 A.M. November 1, 2016 to 12 A.M. November 13, 2016.
A relative time range is dependent on when the search is run. For example, a relative time range of -60m means 60 minutes ago. If the current time is 3:15 P.M., the search returns events from the last 60 minutes, from 2:15 P.M. to 3:15 P.M.
The current time is referred to as Now.
Specify absolute time ranges
For exact time ranges, the syntax for the time modifiers is
%m/%d/%Y:%H:%M:%S. For example, the following search specifies a time range from 12 A.M. October 19, 2016 to 8 A.M. October 27, 2016:
If you specify only the
earliest time modifier, the
latest is set to the current time Now by default. If you specify a
latest time modifier, you must also specify an
The time range that you specify using a time modifier in the Search bar overrides the time range that is selected in the time range picker.
Note: Time ranges specified directly in the search do not apply to subsearches. Time ranges selected from the time range picker do apply to subsearches.
Specify relative time ranges
You define the relative time in your search by using a string of characters that indicate the amount of time. The syntax is an integer and a time unit
[+|-]<time_integer><time_unit>. For example
1. Begin the time range with a minus ( - ) or a plus ( + ) to indicate the offset before or after the time amount.
2. Specify the amount of time by using a number and a time unit. When you specify single time amounts, the number is implied. For example
s is the same as
m is the same as
1m, and so on. The supported time units are listed in the following table.
|Time range||Valid values|
|seconds||s, sec, secs, second, seconds|
|minutes||m, min, minute, minutes|
|hours||h, hr, hrs, hour, hours|
|days||d, day, days|
|weeks||w, week, weeks|
|months||mon, month, months|
|quarters||q, qtr, qtrs, quarter, quarters|
|years||y, yr, yrs, year, years|
When specifying relative time, use
Special time units
The following abbreviations are for special cases of time units and snap time offsets.
||To search events from the start of UNIX time, use |
||Specifies that the search starts or ends at the current time.|
Examples of relative time modifiers
For the following examples, the current time is Wednesday, February 5, 2016 at 01:37:05 P.M. Note that
24h is not always equivalent to
1d, because of Daylight Savings Time.
|Time modifier||Description||Resulting time|
|now()||Now, the current time||Wednesday, February 5 2016, 01:37:05 PM|
|-60m||60 minutes ago||Wednesday, February 5 2016, 12:37:05 PM|
|-1h||1 hour ago||Wednesday, February 5 2016, 12:00:00 PM|
|-1d||Yesterday||Tuesday, February 4 2016, 12:00:00 AM|
|-24h||24 hours ago, yesterday||Tuesday, February 4 2016, 01:37:05 PM|
|-7d||7 days ago||Wednesday, January 28 2016, 01:37:00 PM|
|+1d||Tomorrow||Thursday, February 6 2016, 12:00:00 AM|
|+24h||24 hours from now, tomorrow||Thursday, February 6 2016, 01:37:05 PM|
Examples of searches with relative time modifiers
Example 1: Search for web access errors from the last 7 days to the current time of your search, Now.
eventtype=webaccess error earliest=-1w
If the current time is 09:00, this search returns matching events starting from 7 days ago at 09:00 and ending at 09:00 today. This is equivalent to specifying
Example 2: Search for web access errors from 2 to 4 hours ago.
eventtype=webaccess error earliest=-4h latest=-2h
If the current time is 14:00, this search returns matching events starting from 10:00 AM to 12:00 PM today.
Select time ranges to apply to your search
Specify time ranges for real-time searches
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 6.3.0, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.3, 6.3.4, 6.3.5, 6.3.6, 6.3.7, 6.3.8, 6.3.9, 6.3.10, 6.3.11, 6.3.12, 6.3.13, 6.3.14, 6.4.0, 6.4.1, 6.4.2, 6.4.3, 6.4.4, 6.4.5, 6.4.6, 6.4.7, 6.4.8, 6.4.9, 6.4.10, 6.4.11, 6.5.0, 6.5.1, 6.5.2, 6.5.3, 6.5.4, 6.5.5, 6.5.6, 6.5.7, 6.5.8, 6.5.9, 6.5.10