Splunk Cloud Platform

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tags

Description

Annotates specified fields in your search results with tags. If there are fields specified, only annotates tags for those fields. Otherwise, this command looks for tags for all fields. See About tags and aliases in the Knowledge Manager Manual.

Syntax

The required syntax is in bold.

tags
[outputfield=<field>]
[inclname=<bool>]
[inclvalue=<bool>]
[allowed_tags=<string>]
<field-list>

Required arguments

None.

Optional arguments

allowed_tags
Syntax: allowed_tags=<string> | allowed_tags="<string-list>"
Description: If specified, returns only the tag names in the allowed_tags argument. You can specify multiple tags using a comma-separated, double-quoted string. For example: allowed_tags="host, sourcetype".
Default: None
<field-list>
Syntax: <field> <field> ...
Description: Specify the fields that you want to output the tags from. The tag names are written to the outputfield.
Default: All fields
inclname
Syntax: inclname=true | false
Description: If outputfield is specified, this controls whether or not the event field name is added to the output field, along with the tag names. Specify true to include the field name.
Default: false
inclvalue
Syntax: inclvalue=true | false
Description: If outputfield is specified, controls whether or not the event field value is added to the output field, along with the tag names. Specify true to include the event field value.
Default: false
outputfield
Syntax: outputfield=<field>
Description: If specified, the tag names for all of the fields are written to this one new field. If not specified, a new field is created for each field that contains tags. The tag names are written to these new fields using the naming convention tag_name::<field>. In addition, a new field is created called tags that lists all of the tag names in all of the fields.
Default: New fields are created and the tag names are written to the new fields.

Usage

The tags command is a distributable streaming command. See Command types.

Viewing tag information

To view the tags in a table format, use a command before the tags command such as the stats command. Otherwise, the fields output from the tags command appear in the list of Interesting fields. See Examples.

Using the <outputfield> argument

If outputfield is specified, the tag names for the fields are written to this field. By default, the tag names are written in the format <field>::<tag_name>. For example, sourcetype::apache.

If outputfield is specified, the inclname and inclvalue arguments control whether or not the field name and field values are added to the outputfield. If both inclname and inclvalue are set to true, then the format is <field>::<value>::<tag_name>. For example, sourcetype::access_combined_wcookie::apache.

Examples

1. Results using the default settings

This example uses the sample data from the Search Tutorial but should work with any format of Apache web access log. To try this example on your own Splunk instance, you must download the sample data and follow the instructions to get the tutorial data into Splunk. Use the time range All time when you run the search.

This search looks for web access events and counts those events by host.

sourcetype=access_* | stats count by host


The results look something like this:

host count
www1 13628
www2 12912
www3 12992

When you use the tags command without any arguments, two new fields are added to the results tag and tag::host.

sourcetype=access_* | stats count by host | tags


The results look something like this:

host count tag tag::host
www1 13628 tag2 tag2
www2 12912 tag1 tag1
www3 12992

There are no tags for host=www3.


Add the sourcetype field to the stats command BY clause.

sourcetype=access_* | stats count by host sourcetype | tags


The results look something like this:

host sourcetype count tag tag:host tag::sourcetype
www1 access_combined_wcookie 13628 apache

tag2

tag2 apache
www2 access_combined_wcookie 12912 apache

tag1

tag1 apache
www3 access_combined_wcookie 12992 apache apache

The tag field list all of the tags used in the events that contain the combination of host and sourcetype.

The tag::host field list all of the tags used in the events that contain that host value.

The tag::sourcetype field list all of the tags used in the events that contain that sourcetype value.

2. Specifying a list of fields

Return the tags for the host and eventtype fields.

... | tags host eventtype

3. Specifying an output field

Write the tags for all fields to the new field test.

... | stats count by host sourcetype tags outputfield=test

The results look like this:

host sourcetype count test
www1 access_combined_wcookie 13628 apache

tag2

www2 access_combined_wcookie 12912 apache

tag1

www3 access_combined_wcookie 12992 apache

4. Including the field names in the search results

Write the tags for the host and sourcetype fields into the test field. New fields are returned in the output using the format host::<tag> or sourcetype::<tag>. Include the field name in the output.

... | stats count by host sourcetype | tags outputfield=test inclname=t

The results look like this:

host sourcetype count test
www1 access_combined_wcookie 13628 sourcetype::apache

host::tag2

www2 access_combined_wcookie 12912 sourcetype::apache

host::tag1

www3 access_combined_wcookie 12992 sourcetype::apache

5. Identifying a specific a list of tags to return

Write the "error" and "group" tags for the host field into the test field. New fields are returned in the output using the format host::<tag>. Include the field name in the output.

index=main | tags outputfield=test inclname=t allowed_tags="error, group" host

If you don't have a command before the tags command that organizes the results in a table format, you will see the output of the tags command in the Interesting fields list, as shown in the following image:

This screen image shows the fields list with the "test" field selected. The popup information box shows two values, host::error and host::group.

Notice that the tag field in the list of Interesting fields shows that there are 3 tag values. Because the search specified that only the error and group tags should be returned to the test output field, those are the only tag values that appear in the image.

See also

Related information
About tags and aliases in the Knowledge Manager Manual
Tag field-value pairs in Search in the Knowledge Manager Manual
Define and manage tags in Settings in the Knowledge Manager Manual
Commands
eval
Last modified on 06 September, 2022
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This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk Cloud Platform: 9.0.2209 (latest FedRAMP release), 8.2.2109, 8.1.2103, 8.2.2105, 8.2.2106, 8.2.2107, 8.2.2111, 8.2.2112, 8.2.2201, 8.2.2202, 8.2.2203, 9.0.2205, 9.0.2208


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