Splunk Enterprise version 7.1 is no longer supported as of October 31, 2020. See the Splunk Software Support Policy for details. For information about upgrading to a supported version, see How to upgrade Splunk Enterprise.
This documentation does not apply to the most recent version of Splunk® Enterprise. Click here for the latest version.Download topic as PDF
The following are the spec and example files for
# Version 7.1.6 # # This file contains all possible attributes and value pairs for a # transactiontypes.conf file. Use this file to configure transaction searches # and their properties. # # There is a transactiontypes.conf in $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/default/. To set # custom configurations, place a transactiontypes.conf in # $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/local/. You must restart Splunk to enable # configurations. # # To learn more about configuration files (including precedence) please see the # documentation located at # http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Admin/Aboutconfigurationfiles
# Use the [default] stanza to define any global settings. # * You can also define global settings outside of any stanza, at the top of # the file. # * Each conf file should have at most one default stanza. If there are # multiple default stanzas, attributes are combined. In the case of # multiple definitions of the same attribute, the last definition in the # file wins. # * If an attribute is defined at both the global level and in a specific # stanza, the value in the specific stanza takes precedence. [<TRANSACTIONTYPE>] * Create any number of transaction types, each represented by a stanza name and any number of the following attribute/value pairs. * Use the stanza name, [<TRANSACTIONTYPE>], to search for the transaction in Splunk Web. * If you do not specify an entry for each of the following attributes, Splunk uses the default value. maxspan = [<integer> s|m|h|d|-1] * Set the maximum time span for the transaction. * Can be in seconds, minutes, hours, or days, or -1 for an unlimited timespan. * For example: 5s, 6m, 12h or 30d. * Defaults to: maxspan=-1 maxpause = [<integer> s|m|h|d|-1] * Set the maximum pause between the events in a transaction. * Can be in seconds, minutes, hours, or days, or -1 for an unlimited pause. * For example: 5s, 6m, 12h or 30d. * Defaults to: maxpause=-1 maxevents = <integer> * The maximum number of events in a transaction. This constraint is disabled if the value is a negative integer. * Defaults to: maxevents=1000 fields = <comma-separated list of fields> * If set, each event must have the same field(s) to be considered part of the same transaction. * For example: fields=host,cookie * Defaults to: "" connected=[true|false] * Relevant only if fields (see above) is not empty. Controls whether an event that is not inconsistent and not consistent with the fields of a transaction opens a new transaction (connected=true) or is added to the transaction. * An event can be not inconsistent and not field-consistent if it contains fields required by the transaction but none of these fields has been instantiated in the transaction (by a previous event addition). * Defaults to: connected=true startswith=<transam-filter-string> * A search or eval filtering expression which, if satisfied by an event, marks the beginning of a new transaction. * For example: * startswith="login" * startswith=(username=foobar) * startswith=eval(speed_field < max_speed_field) * startswith=eval(speed_field < max_speed_field/12) * Defaults to: "" endswith=<transam-filter-string> * A search or eval filtering expression which, if satisfied by an event, marks the end of a transaction. * For example: * endswith="logout" * endswith=(username=foobar) * endswith=eval(speed_field > max_speed_field) * endswith=eval(speed_field > max_speed_field/12) * Defaults to: "" * For startswith/endswith <transam-filter-string> has the following syntax: * syntax: "<search-expression>" | (<quoted-search-expression>) | eval(<eval-expression>) * Where: * <search-expression> is a valid search expression that does not contain quotes * <quoted-search-expression> is a valid search expression that contains quotes * <eval-expression> is a valid eval expression that evaluates to a boolean. For example, startswith=eval(foo<bar*2) will match events where foo is less than 2 x bar. * Examples: * "<search expression>": startswith="foo bar" * <quoted-search-expression>: startswith=(name="mildred") * <quoted-search-expression>: startswith=("search literal") * eval(<eval-expression>): startswith=eval(distance/time < max_speed) ### memory constraint options ### maxopentxn=<int> * Specifies the maximum number of not yet closed transactions to keep in the open pool. When this limit is surpassed, Splunk begins evicting transactions using LRU (least-recently-used memory cache algorithm) policy. * The default value of this attribute is read from the transactions stanza in limits.conf. maxopenevents=<int> * Specifies the maximum number of events (can be) part of open transactions. When this limit is surpassed, Splunk begins evicting transactions using LRU (least-recently-used memory cache algorithm) policy. * The default value of this attribute is read from the transactions stanza in limits.conf. keepevicted=<bool> * Whether to output evicted transactions. Evicted transactions can be distinguished from non-evicted transactions by checking the value of the 'evicted' field, which is set to '1' for evicted transactions. * Defaults to: keepevicted=false ### multivalue rendering options ### mvlist=<bool>|<field-list> * Field controlling whether the multivalued fields of the transaction are (1) a list of the original events ordered in arrival order or (2) a set of unique field values ordered lexigraphically. If a comma/space delimited list of fields is provided only those fields are rendered as lists * Defaults to: mvlist=f delim=<string> * A string used to delimit the original event values in the transaction event fields. * Defaults to: delim=" " nullstr=<string> * The string value to use when rendering missing field values as part of mv fields in a transaction. * This option applies only to fields that are rendered as lists. * Defaults to: nullstr=NULL ### values only used by the searchtxn search command ### search=<string> * A search string used to more efficiently seed transactions of this type. * The value should be as specific as possible, to limit the number of events that must be retrieved to find transactions. * Example: sourcetype="sendmaill_sendmail" * Defaults to "*" (all events)
# Version 7.1.6 # # This is an example transactiontypes.conf. Use this file as a template to # configure transactions types. # # To use one or more of these configurations, copy the configuration block into # transactiontypes.conf in $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/local/. # # To learn more about configuration files (including precedence) please see the # documentation located at # http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Admin/Aboutconfigurationfiles [default] maxspan = 5m maxpause = 2s match = closest [purchase] maxspan = 10m maxpause = 5m fields = userid
Last modified on 22 January, 2019
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 7.1.6
Feedback submitted, thanks!