Splunk® Enterprise

Getting Data In

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Splunk Enterprise version 7.2 will no longer be supported as of April 30, 2021. See the Splunk Software Support Policy for details. For information about upgrading to a supported version, see How to upgrade Splunk Enterprise.
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Configure character set encoding

You can configure character set encoding for your data sources. Splunk software has built-in character set specifications to support internationalization of your deployment. Splunk software supports many languages, including some that don't use Universal Coded Character Set Transformation Format - 8-bit (UTF-8) encoding.

Splunk software attempts to apply UTF-8 encoding to your sources by default. If a source doesn't use UTF-8 encoding or is a non-ASCII file, Splunk software tries to convert data from the source to UTF-8 encoding unless you specify a character set to use by setting the CHARSET key in the props.conf file.

You can retrieve a list of the valid character encoding specifications by using the iconv -l command on most *nix systems. A port for iconv on Windows is available.

Supported character sets

Splunk software supports a wide range of character sets, including the following key character sets:

  • UTF-8
  • UTF-16LE
  • Latin-1
  • BIG5
  • SHIFT-JIS `

The following table shows a short list of common supported character sets and the languages they correspond to.

Language Code
Arabic CP1256
Arabic ISO-8859-6
Armenian ARMSCII-8
Belarus CP1251
Bulgarian ISO-8859-5
Czech ISO-8859-2
Georgian Georgian-Academy
Greek ISO-8859-7
Hebrew ISO-8859-8
Japanese EUC-JP
Japanese SHIFT-JIS
Korean EUC-KR
Russian CP1251
Russian ISO-8859-5
Russian KOI8-R
Slovak CP1250
Slovenian ISO-8859-2
Thai TIS-620
Ukrainian KOI8-U
Vietnamese VISCII

For more supported character sets, see the Comprehensive list of supported character sets section later in this topic.

Manually specify a character set

To manually specify a character set, you need to edit the props.conf file. If you have a Splunk Cloud deployment, edit your props.conf file on your forwarder. If you have a Splunk Enterprise deployment, you can edit this file in your Splunk Enterprise deployment.

To manually specify a character set to apply to an input, set the CHARSET key in the props.conf file:

[spec]
CHARSET=<string>

For example, if you have a host that generates data in Greek and uses ISO-8859-7 encoding, set CHARSET=ISO-8859-7 for that host in the props.conf file. The host is called "GreekSource" in this example:

[host::GreekSource]
CHARSET=ISO-8859-7

Splunk software parses only character encodings that have UTF-8 mappings.

Automatically specify a character set

Splunk software can automatically detect languages and proper character sets using its character set encoding algorithm.

To configure Splunk software to automatically detect the proper language and character set encoding for a particular input, set CHARSET=AUTO for the input in the props.conf file. If you have a Splunk Cloud deployment, you can edit this file on your forwarder. If you have a Splunk Enterprise deployment, you can edit this file in your Splunk Enterprise deployment.

For example, to automatically detect character set encoding for the host "my-foreign-docs", set CHARSET=AUTO for that host in the props.conf file:

[host::my-foreign-docs]
CHARSET=AUTO

Train Splunk Enterprise to recognize a character set

If you have Splunk Cloud and want to add a character set encoding to your Splunk deployment, file a Splunk Support ticket. If you have a Splunk Enterprise deployment, you can train Splunk software to recognize the character set.

You can train Splunk Enterprise to recognize the character set by adding a sample file to the following path and restarting Splunk Enterprise:

$SPLUNK_HOME/etc/ngram-models/_<language>-<encoding>.txt

For example, if you want to use the "vulcan-ISO-12345" character set, copy the specification file to the following path:

/SPLUNK_HOME/etc/ngram-models/_vulcan-ISO-12345.txt 

After the sample file is added to the specified path, Splunk software recognizes sources that use the new character set and automatically converts them to UTF-8 format at index time.

Comprehensive list of supported character sets

The common character sets described earlier in the Supported character sets section are a small subset of what the CHARSET attribute can support. Splunk software also supports a long list of character sets. Of the character sets that the Splunk platform supports, it also supports their aliases. identical to the list supported by the *nix iconv utility.

Splunk software ignores punctuation and case when matching CHARSET. For example, utf-8, UTF-8, and utf8 are all considered identical.

The following list shows all supported character sets with their aliases indicated in parentheses:

  • utf-8 (CESU-8, ANSI_X3.4-1968, ANSI_X3.4-1986, ASCII, CP367, IBM367, ISO-IR-6, ISO646-US ISO_646.IRV:1991, US, US-ASCII, CSASCII)
  • utf-16le (UCS-2LE, UNICODELITTLE)
  • utf-16be (ISO-10646-UCS-2, UCS-2, CSUNICODE, UCS-2BE, UNICODE-1-1, UNICODEBIG, CSUNICODE11, UTF-16)
  • utf-32le (UCS-4LE)
  • utf-32be (ISO-10646-UCS-4, UCS-4, CSUCS4, UCS-4BE, UTF-32)
  • utf-7 (UNICODE-1-1-UTF-7, CSUNICODE11UTF7)
  • c99 (java)
  • utf-ebcdic
  • latin-1 (CP819, IBM819, ISO-8859-1, ISO-IR-100, ISO_8859-1:1987, L1, CSISOLATIN1)
  • latin-2 (ISO-8859-2, ISO-IR-101, ISO_8859-2:1987, L2, CSISOLATIN2)
  • latin-3 (ISO-8859-3, ISO-IR-109, ISO_8859-3:1988, L3, CSISOLATIN3)
  • latin-4 (ISO-8859-4, ISO-IR-110, ISO_8859-4:1988, L4, CSISOLATIN4)
  • latin-5 (ISO-8859-9, ISO-IR-148, ISO_8859-9:1989, L5, CSISOLATIN5)
  • latin-6 (ISO-8859-10, ISO-IR-157, ISO_8859-10:1992, L6, CSISOLATIN6)
  • latin-7 (ISO-8859-13, ISO-IR-179, L7)
  • latin-8 (ISO-8859-14, ISO-CELTIC, ISO-IR-199, ISO_8859-14:1998, L8)
  • latin-9 (ISO-8859-15, ISO-IR-203, ISO_8859-15:1998)
  • latin-10 (ISO-8859-16, ISO-IR-226, ISO_8859-16:2001, L10, LATIN10)
  • ISO-8859-5 (CYRILLIC, ISO-IR-144, ISO_8859-5:198,8 CSISOLATINCYRILLIC)
  • ISO-8859-6(ARABIC, ASMO-708, ECMA-114, ISO-IR-127, ISO_8859-6:1987, CSISOLATINARABIC, MACARABIC)
  • ISO-8859-7 (ECMA-118, ELOT_928, GREEK, GREEK8, ISO-IR-126, ISO_8859-7:1987, ISO_8859-7:2003, CSISOLATINGREEK)
  • ISO-8859-8 (HEBREW, ISO-8859-8, ISO-IR-138, ISO8859-8, ISO_8859-8:1988, CSISOLATINHEBREW)
  • ISO-8859-11
  • roman-8 (HP-ROMAN8, R8, CSHPROMAN8)
  • KOI8-R (CSKOI8R)
  • KOI8-U
  • KOI8-T
  • GEORGIAN-ACADEMY
  • GEORGIAN-PS
  • ARMSCII-8
  • MACINTOSH (MAC, MACROMAN, CSMACINTOSH)

    These MAC* character sets are for MacOS 9. Higher versions, like macOS X, use unicode.

  • MACGREEK
  • MACCYRILLIC
  • MACUKRAINE
  • MACCENTRALEUROPE
  • MACTURKISH
  • MACCROATIAN
  • MACICELAND
  • MACROMANIA
  • MACHEBREW
  • MACTHAI
  • NEXTSTEP
  • CP850 (850, IBM850, CSPC850MULTILINGUAL)
  • CP862 (862, IBM862, CSPC862LATINHEBREW)
  • CP866 (866, IBM866, CSIBM866)
  • CP874 (WINDOWS-874)
  • CP932
  • CP936 (MS936, WINDOWS-936)
  • CP949 (UHC)
  • CP950
  • CP1250 (MS-EE, WINDOWS-1250)
  • CP1251 (MS-CYRL, WINDOWS-1251)
  • CP1252 (MS-ANSI, WINDOWS-1252)
  • CP1253 (MS-GREEK, WINDOWS-1253)
  • CP1254 (MS-TURK, WINDOWS-1254)
  • CP1255 (MS-HEBR, WINDOWS-1255)
  • CP1256 (MS-ARAB, WINDOWS-1256)
  • CP1257 (WINBALTRIM, WINDOWS-1257)
  • CP1258 (WINDOWS-1258)
  • CP1361 (JOHAB)
  • BIG-5 (BIG-FIVE, CN-BIG5, CSBIG5)
  • BIG5-HKSCS(BIG5-HKSCS:2001)
  • CN-GB (EUC-CN, EUCCN, GB2312, CSGB2312)
  • EUC-JP (EXTENDED_UNIX_CODE_PACKED_FORMAT_FOR_JAPANESE, CSEUCPKDFMTJAPANESE)
  • EUC-KR (CSEUCKR)
  • EUC-TW (CSEUCTW)
  • GB18030
  • GBK
  • GB_1988-80 (ISO-IR-57, ISO646-CN, CSISO57GB1988, CN)
  • HZ (HZ-GB-2312)
  • GB_2312-80 (CHINESE, ISO-IR-58, CSISO58GB231280)
  • SHIFT-JIS (MS_KANJI, SJIS, CSSHIFTJIS)
  • ISO-IR-87 (JIS0208 JIS_C6226-1983, JIS_X0208 JIS_X0208-1983, JIS_X0208-1990, X0208, CSISO87JISX0208, ISO-IR-159, JIS_X0212, JIS_X0212-1990, JIS_X0212.1990-0, X0212, CSISO159JISX02121990)
  • ISO-IR-14 (ISO646-JP, JIS_C6220-1969-RO, JP, CSISO14JISC6220RO)
  • JISX0201-1976 (JIS_X0201, X0201, CSHALFWIDTHKATAKANA)
  • ISO-IR-149 (KOREAN, KSC_5601, KS_C_5601-1987, KS_C_5601-1989, CSKSC56011987)
  • VISCII (VISCII1.1-1, CSVISCII)
  • ISO-IR-166 (TIS-620, TIS620-0, TIS620.2529-1, TIS620.2533-0, TIS620.2533-1)
  • UCS-2-INTERNAL, UCS-2-SWAPPED, UCS-4-INTERNAL, UCS-4-SWAPPED
Last modified on 31 March, 2021
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This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 6.3.0, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.3, 6.3.4, 6.3.5, 6.3.6, 6.3.7, 6.3.8, 6.3.9, 6.3.10, 6.3.11, 6.3.12, 6.3.13, 6.3.14, 6.4.0, 6.4.1, 6.4.2, 6.4.3, 6.4.4, 6.4.5, 6.4.6, 6.4.7, 6.4.8, 6.4.9, 6.4.10, 6.4.11, 6.5.0, 6.5.1, 6.5.2, 6.5.3, 6.5.4, 6.5.5, 6.5.6, 6.5.7, 6.5.8, 6.5.9, 6.5.10, 6.6.0, 6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, 6.6.4, 6.6.5, 6.6.6, 6.6.7, 6.6.8, 6.6.9, 6.6.10, 6.6.11, 6.6.12, 7.0.0, 7.0.1, 7.0.2, 7.0.4, 7.0.7, 7.0.8, 7.0.9, 7.0.10, 7.0.11, 7.0.13, 7.1.0, 7.1.1, 7.1.2, 7.1.3, 7.1.4, 7.1.5, 7.1.6, 7.1.7, 7.1.8, 7.1.9, 7.1.10, 7.2.0, 7.2.1, 7.2.2, 7.2.3, 7.2.4, 7.2.5, 7.2.6, 7.2.7, 7.2.8, 7.2.9, 7.2.10, 7.3.0, 7.3.1, 7.3.2, 7.3.3, 7.3.4, 7.3.5, 7.3.6, 7.3.7, 7.3.8, 7.3.9, 8.0.0, 8.0.1, 8.0.2, 8.0.3, 8.0.4, 8.0.5, 8.0.6, 8.0.7, 8.0.8, 8.0.9, 8.1.0, 8.1.1, 8.1.2, 8.1.3, 7.0.3, 7.0.5, 7.0.6


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