Splunk Enterprise version 7.2 is no longer supported as of April 30, 2021. See the Splunk Software Support Policy for details. For information about upgrading to a supported version, see How to upgrade Splunk Enterprise.
This documentation does not apply to the most recent version of Splunk® Enterprise. Click here for the latest version.Download topic as PDF
The following are the spec and example files for
# Version 7.2.2 # # This file contains possible attributes and values you can use to configure # distributed search. # # To set custom configurations, place a distsearch.conf in # $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/local/. For examples, see distsearch.conf.example. # You must restart Splunk to enable configurations. # # To learn more about configuration files (including precedence) please see the # documentation located at # http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Admin/Aboutconfigurationfiles # # These attributes are all configured on the search head, with the exception of # the optional attributes listed under the SEARCH HEAD BUNDLE MOUNTING OPTIONS # heading, which are configured on the search peers.
# Use the [default] stanza to define any global settings. # * You can also define global settings outside of any stanza, at the top of # the file. # * Each conf file should have at most one default stanza. If there are # multiple default stanzas, attributes are combined. In the case of # multiple definitions of the same attribute, the last definition in the # file wins. # * If an attribute is defined at both the global level and in a specific # stanza, the value in the specific stanza takes precedence. [distributedSearch] * Set distributed search configuration options under this stanza name. * Follow this stanza name with any number of the following attribute/value pairs. * If you do not set any attribute, Splunk uses the default value (if there is one listed). disabled = [true|false] * Toggle distributed search off (true) and on (false). * Defaults to false (your distributed search stanza is enabled by default). heartbeatMcastAddr = <IP address> * This setting is deprecated heartbeatPort = <port> * This setting is deprecated ttl = <integer> * This setting is deprecated heartbeatFrequency = <int, in seconds> * This setting is deprecated statusTimeout = <int, in seconds> * Set connection timeout when gathering a search peer's basic info (/services/server/info). * Note: Read/write timeouts are automatically set to twice this value. * Defaults to 10. removedTimedOutServers = [true|false] * This setting is no longer supported, and will be ignored. checkTimedOutServersFrequency = <integer, in seconds> * This setting is no longer supported, and will be ignored. autoAddServers = [true|false] * This setting is deprecated bestEffortSearch = [true|false] * Whether to remove a peer from search when it does not have any of our bundles. * If set to true searches will never block on bundle replication, even when a peer is first added - the peers that don't have any common bundles will simply not be searched. * Defaults to false skipOurselves = [true|false] * This setting is deprecated servers = <comma separated list of servers> * Initial list of servers. * Each member of this list must be a valid uri in the format of scheme://hostname:port disabled_servers = <comma separated list of servers> * A list of disabled search peers. Peers in this list are not monitored or searched. * Each member of this list must be a valid uri in the format of scheme://hostname:port quarantined_servers = <comma separated list of servers> * A list of quarantined search peers. * Each member of this list must be a valid uri in the format of scheme://hostname:port * The admin may quarantine peers that seem unhealthy and are degrading search performancce of the whole deployment. * Quarantined peers are monitored but not searched by default. * A user may use the splunk_server arguments to target a search to qurantined peers at the risk of slowing the search. * When a peer is quarantined, running realtime searches will NOT be restarted. Running realtime searches will continue to return results from the quarantined peers. Any realtime searches started after the peer has been quarantined will not contact the peer. * Whenever a quarantined peer is excluded from search, appropriate warnings will be displayed in the search.log and Job Inspector useDisabledListAsBlacklist = <boolean> * Whether or not the search head treats the ‘disabled_servers’ setting as a blacklist. * If set to “true”, search peers that appear in both the ‘servers’ and ‘disabled_servers’ lists are disabled and do not participate in search. * If set to “false”, search peers that appear in both lists are treated as enabled, despite being in the ‘disabled_servers’ list. These search peers do participate in search. * Default: false shareBundles = [true|false] * Indicates whether this server will use bundle replication to share search time configuration with search peers. * If set to false, the search head assumes that all the search peers can access the correct bundles via share storage and have configured the options listed under "SEARCH HEAD BUNDLE MOUNTING OPTIONS". * Defaults to true. useSHPBundleReplication = <bool>|always * Relevant only in search head pooling environments. Whether the search heads in the pool should compete with each other to decide which one should handle the bundle replication (every time bundle replication needs to happen) or whether each of them should individually replicate the bundles. * When set to always and bundle mounting is being used then use the search head pool guid rather than each individual server name to identify bundles (and search heads to the remote peers). * Defaults to true trySSLFirst = <bool> * This setting is no longer supported, and will be ignored. peerResolutionThreads = <int> * This setting is no longer supported, and will be ignored. defaultUriScheme = [http|https] * When a new peer is added without specifying a scheme for the uri to its management port we will use this scheme by default. * Defaults to https serverTimeout = <int, in seconds> * REMOVED, this setting is now ignored and has been replaced by connectionTimeout, sendTimeout, receiveTimeout connectionTimeout = <int, in seconds> * Amount of time in seconds to use as a timeout during search peer connection establishment. sendTimeout = <int, in seconds> * Amount of time in seconds to use as a timeout while trying to write/send data to a search peer. receiveTimeout = <int, in seconds> * Amount of time in seconds to use as a timeout while trying to read/receive data from a search peer. authTokenConnectionTimeout = <number, in seconds> * Maximum number of seconds to connect to a remote search peer, when getting its auth token * Fractional seconds are allowed * Default is 5 authTokenSendTimeout = <number, in seconds> * Maximum number of seconds to send a request to the remote peer, when getting its auth token * Fractional seconds are allowed * Default is 10 authTokenReceiveTimeout = <number, in seconds> * Maximum number of seconds to receive a response from a remote peer, when getting its auth token * Fractional seconds are allowed * Default is 10
DISTRIBUTED SEARCH KEY PAIR GENERATION OPTIONS
[tokenExchKeys] certDir = <directory> * This directory contains the local Splunk instance's distributed search key pair. * This directory also contains the public keys of servers that distribute searches to this Splunk instance. publicKey = <filename> * Name of public key file for this Splunk instance. privateKey = <filename> * Name of private key file for this Splunk instance. genKeyScript = <command> * Command used to generate the two files above.
REPLICATION SETTING OPTIONS
[replicationSettings] connectionTimeout = <int, in seconds> * The maximum number of seconds to wait before timing out on initial connection to a peer. sendRcvTimeout = <int, in seconds> * The maximum number of seconds to wait for the sending of a full replication to a peer. replicationThreads = <positive int>|auto * The maximum number of threads to use when performing bundle replication to peers. * If you configure this setting to "auto", the peer autotunes the number of threads it uses for bundle replication. ** If the peer has less than 4 CPUs, it allocates 2 threads. ** If the peer has 4 or more, but less than 8 CPUs, it allocates up to '# of CPUs - 2' threads. ** If the peer has 8 or more, but less than 16 CPUs, it allocates up to '# of CPUs - 3' threads. ** If the peer has 16 or more CPUs, it allocates up to '# of CPUs - 4' threads. * Defaults to 5. maxMemoryBundleSize = <int> * The maximum size (in MB) of bundles to hold in memory. If the bundle is larger than this the bundles will be read and encoded on the fly for each peer the replication is taking place. * Defaults to 10 maxBundleSize = <int> * The maximum size (in MB) of the bundle for which replication can occur. If the bundle is larger than this bundle replication will not occur and an error message will be logged. * Defaults to: 2048 (2GB) concerningReplicatedFileSize = <int> * Any individual file within a bundle that is larger than this value (in MB) will trigger a splunkd.log message. * Where possible, avoid replicating such files, e.g. by customizing your blacklists. * Defaults to: 500 excludeReplicatedLookupSize = <int> * Any lookup file larger than this value (in MB) will be excluded from the knowledge bundle that the search head replicates to its search peers. * When this value is set to 0, this feature is disabled. * Defaults to 0 allowStreamUpload = auto | true | false * Whether to enable streaming bundle replication for peers. * If set to auto, streaming bundle replication will be used when connecting to peers with a complete implementation of this feature (Splunk 6.0 or higher). * If set to true, streaming bundle replication will be used when connecting to peers with a complete or experimental implementation of this feature (Splunk 4.2.3 or higher). * If set to false, streaming bundle replication will never be used. Whatever the value of this setting, streaming bundle replication will not be used for peers that completely lack support for this feature. * Defaults to: auto allowSkipEncoding = <bool> * Whether to avoid URL-encoding bundle data on upload. * Defaults to: true allowDeltaUpload = <bool> * Whether to enable delta-based bundle replication. * Defaults to: true sanitizeMetaFiles = <bool> * Whether to sanitize or filter *.meta files before replication. * This feature can be used to avoid unnecessary replications triggered by writes to *.meta files that have no real effect on search behavior. * The types of stanzas that "survive" filtering are configured via the replicationSettings:refineConf stanza. * The filtering process removes comments and cosmetic whitespace. * Defaults to: true
RFS (AKA S3 / REMOTE FILE SYSTEM) REPLICATION SPECIFIC SETTINGS
enableRFSReplication = <bool> * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * Required on search heads. * When search heads generate bundles, these bundles are uploaded to the configured remote file system. * When search heads delete their old bundles, they subsequently attempt to delete the bundle from the configured remote file system. * If set to true, remote file system bundle replication is enabled. * Default: false. enableRFSMonitoring = <bool> * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * Required on search peers. * Search peers periodically monitor the configured remote file system and download any bundles that they do not have on disk. * If set to true, remote file system bundle monitoring is enabled. * Default: false. rfsMonitoringPeriod = <unsigned int> * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * The amount of time, in seconds, that a search peer waits between polling attempts. You must also set this attribute on search heads, whether or not 'enableRFSMonitoring' is enabled on them. * For search heads when 'rfsSyncReplicationTimeout' is set to 'auto', setting this will automatically adapt the 'rfsSyncReplicationTimeout' parameter to the monitoring frequency of the search peers. * If you set this parameter to less than 60, it is automatically reset to 60. * Default: 60. rfsSyncReplicationTimeout = <unsigned int> * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * The amount of time, in seconds, that a search head waits for synchronous replication to complete. Only applies to RFS bundle replication. * Default value is computed from 'rfsMonitoringPeriod', i.e. (rfsMonitoringPeriod + 60)) * 5, where 60 is the non-configurable search head to search peer polling interval, and 5 is arbitrary multiplier. If 'rfsMonitoringPeriod' is not modified, default value is 600. * Default: auto. path = <path on server> * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * Required. * The path attribute points to the remote storage location where bundles reside. * The format for this attribute is: <scheme>://<remote-location-specifier> * The "scheme" identifies a supported external storage system type. * The "remote-location-specifier" is an external system-specific string for identifying a location inside the storage system. * These external systems are supported: - Object stores that support AWS's S3 protocol. These use the scheme "s3". Example: "path=s3://mybucket/some/path" - POSIX file system, potentially a remote filesystem mounted over NFS. These use the scheme "file". Example: "path=file:///mnt/cheap-storage/some/path" remote.s3.endpoint = <URL> * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * The URL of the remote storage system supporting the S3 API. * The protocol, http or https, can be used to enable or disable SSL connectivity with the endpoint. * If not specified and the indexer is running on EC2, the endpoint will be constructed automatically based on the EC2 region of the instance where the indexer is running, as follows: https://s3-<region>.amazonaws.com * Example: https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com remote.s3.encryption = sse-s3 | none * Currently not supported. This setting is related to a feature that is still under development. * Optional. * Specifies the schema to use for Server-side Encryption (SSE) for data at rest. * sse-s3: See: http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/UsingServerSideEncryption.html * none: Server-side encryption is disabled. Data is stored unencrypted on the remote storage. * Default: none [replicationSettings:refineConf] replicate.<conf_file_name> = <bool> * Controls whether Splunk replicates a particular type of *.conf file, along with any associated permissions in *.meta files. * These settings on their own do not cause files to be replicated. A file must still be whitelisted (via replicationWhitelist) to be eligible for inclusion via these settings. * In a sense, these settings constitute another level of filtering that applies specifically to *.conf files and stanzas with *.meta files. * Defaults to: false
REPLICATION WHITELIST OPTIONS
[replicationWhitelist] <name> = <whitelist_pattern> * Controls Splunk's search-time conf replication from search heads to search nodes. * Only files that match a whitelist entry will be replicated. * Conversely, files which are not matched by any whitelist will not be replicated. * Only files located under $SPLUNK_HOME/etc will ever be replicated in this way. * The regex will be matched against the filename, relative to $SPLUNK_HOME/etc. Example: for a file "$SPLUNK_HOME/etc/apps/fancy_app/default/inputs.conf" this whitelist should match "apps/fancy_app/default/inputs.conf" * Similarly, the etc/system files are available as system/... user-specific files are available as users/username/appname/... * The 'name' element is generally just descriptive, with one exception: if <name> begins with "refine.", files whitelisted by the given pattern will also go through another level of filtering configured in the replicationSettings:refineConf stanza. * The whitelist_pattern is the Splunk-style pattern matching, which is primarily regex-based with special local behavior for '...' and '*'. * ... matches anything, while * matches anything besides directory separators. See props.conf.spec for more detail on these. * Note '.' will match a literal dot, not any character. * Note that these lists are applied globally across all conf data, not to any particular app, regardless of where they are defined. Be careful to pull in only your intended files.
REPLICATION BLACKLIST OPTIONS
[replicationBlacklist] <name> = <blacklist_pattern> * All comments from the replication whitelist notes above also apply here. * Replication blacklist takes precedence over the whitelist, meaning that a file that matches both the whitelist and the blacklist will NOT be replicated. * This can be used to prevent unwanted bundle replication in two common scenarios: * Very large files, which part of an app may not want to be replicated, especially if they are not needed on search nodes. * Frequently updated files (for example, some lookups) will trigger retransmission of all search head data. * Note that these lists are applied globally across all conf data. Especially for blacklisting, be careful to constrain your blacklist to match only data your application will not need.
BUNDLE ENFORCER WHITELIST OPTIONS
[bundleEnforcerWhitelist] <name> = <whitelist_pattern> * Peers uses this to make sure knowledge bundle sent by search heads and masters do not contain alien files. * If this stanza is empty, the receiver accepts the bundle unless it contains files matching the rules specified in [bundleEnforcerBlacklist]. Hence, if both [bundleEnforcerWhitelist] and [bundleEnforcerBlacklist] are empty (which is the default), then the receiver accepts all bundles. * If this stanza is not empty, the receiver accepts the bundle only if it contains only files that match the rules specified here but not those in [bundleEnforcerBlacklist]. * All rules are regexs. * This stanza is empty by default.
BUNDLE ENFORCER BLACKLIST OPTIONS
[bundleEnforcerBlacklist] <name> = <blacklist_pattern> * Peers uses this to make sure knowledge bundle sent by search heads and masters do not contain alien files. * This list overrides [bundleEnforceWhitelist] above. That means the receiver rejects (i.e. removes) the bundle if it contains any file that matches the rules specified here even if that file is allowed by [bundleEnforcerWhitelist]. * If this stanza is empty, then only [bundleEnforcerWhitelist] matters. * This stanza is empty by default.
SEARCH HEAD BUNDLE MOUNTING OPTIONS
# You set these attributes on the search peers only, and only if you also set # shareBundles=false in [distributedSearch] on the search head. Use them to # achieve replication-less bundle access. The search peers use a shared storage # mountpoint to access the search head bundles ($SPLUNK_HOME/etc). #****************************************************************************** [searchhead:<searchhead-splunk-server-name>] * <searchhead-splunk-server-name> is the name of the related searchhead installation. * This setting is located in server.conf, serverName = <name> mounted_bundles = [true|false] * Determines whether the bundles belong to the search head specified in the stanza name are mounted. * You must set this to "true" to use mounted bundles. * Default is "false". bundles_location = <path_to_bundles> * The path to where the search head's bundles are mounted. This must be the mountpoint on the search peer, not on the search head. This should point to a directory that is equivalent to $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/. It must contain at least the following subdirectories: system, apps, users.
DISTRIBUTED SEARCH GROUP DEFINITIONS
# These are the definitions of the distributed search groups. A search group is # a set of search peers as identified by thier host:management-port. A search # may be directed to a search group using the splunk_server_group argument.The # search will be dispatched to only the members of the group. #****************************************************************************** [distributedSearch:<splunk-server-group-name>] * <splunk-server-group-name> is the name of the splunk-server-group that is defined in this stanza servers = <comma separated list of servers> * List of search peers that are members of this group. Comma serparated list of peer identifiers i.e. hostname:port default = [true|false] * Will set this as the default group of peers against which all searches are run unless a server-group is not explicitly specified.
# Version 7.2.2 # # These are example configurations for distsearch.conf. Use this file to # configure distributed search. For all available attribute/value pairs, see # distsearch.conf.spec. # # There is NO DEFAULT distsearch.conf. # # To use one or more of these configurations, copy the configuration block into # distsearch.conf in $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/local/. You must restart Splunk # to enable configurations. # # To learn more about configuration files (including precedence) please see the # documentation located at # http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Admin/Aboutconfigurationfiles [distributedSearch] servers = https://192.168.1.1:8059,https://192.168.1.2:8059 # This entry distributes searches to 192.168.1.1:8059,192.168.1.2:8059. # These machines will be contacted on port 8059 using https # Attributes not set here will use the defaults listed in distsearch.conf.spec. # this stanza controls the timing settings for connecting to a remote peer and # the send timeout [replicationSettings] connectionTimeout = 10 sendRcvTimeout = 60 # this stanza controls what files are replicated to the other peer each is a # regex [replicationWhitelist] allConf = *.conf # Mounted bundles example. # This example shows two distsearch.conf configurations, one for the search # head and another for each of the search head's search peers. It shows only # the attributes necessary to implement mounted bundles. # On a search head whose Splunk server name is "searcher01": [distributedSearch] ... shareBundles = false # On each search peer: [searchhead:searcher01] mounted_bundles = true bundles_location = /opt/shared_bundles/searcher01
Last modified on 18 December, 2018
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 7.2.2
Feedback submitted, thanks!