Splunk Enterprise version 7.2 is no longer supported as of April 30, 2021. See the Splunk Software Support Policy for details. For information about upgrading to a supported version, see How to upgrade Splunk Enterprise.
This documentation does not apply to the most recent version of Splunk® Enterprise. Click here for the latest version.Download topic as PDF
The following are the spec and example files for
Version 7.2.9 This file contains all possible attributes and value pairs for a transactiontypes.conf file. Use this file to configure transaction searches and their properties. There is a transactiontypes.conf in $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/default/. To set custom configurations, place a transactiontypes.conf in $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/local/. You must restart Splunk to enable configurations. To learn more about configuration files (including precedence) please see the documentation located at http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Admin/Aboutconfigurationfiles
Use the [default] stanza to define any global settings. * You can also define global settings outside of any stanza, at the top of the file. * Each conf file should have at most one default stanza. If there are multiple default stanzas, attributes are combined. In the case of multiple definitions of the same attribute, the last definition in the file wins. * If an attribute is defined at both the global level and in a specific stanza, the value in the specific stanza takes precedence. [<TRANSACTIONTYPE>] * Create any number of transaction types, each represented by a stanza name and any number of the following attribute/value pairs. * Use the stanza name, [<TRANSACTIONTYPE>], to search for the transaction in Splunk Web. * If you do not specify an entry for each of the following attributes, Splunk uses the default value. maxspan = [<integer> s|m|h|d|-1] * Set the maximum time span for the transaction. * Can be in seconds, minutes, hours, or days, or -1 for an unlimited timespan. * For example: 5s, 6m, 12h or 30d. * Defaults to: maxspan=-1 maxpause = [<integer> s|m|h|d|-1] * Set the maximum pause between the events in a transaction. * Can be in seconds, minutes, hours, or days, or -1 for an unlimited pause. * For example: 5s, 6m, 12h or 30d. * Defaults to: maxpause=-1 maxevents = <integer> * The maximum number of events in a transaction. This constraint is disabled if the value is a negative integer. * Defaults to: maxevents=1000 fields = <comma-separated list of fields> * If set, each event must have the same field(s) to be considered part of the same transaction. * For example: fields=host,cookie * Defaults to: "" connected=[true|false] * Relevant only if fields (see above) is not empty. Controls whether an event that is not inconsistent and not consistent with the fields of a transaction opens a new transaction (connected=true) or is added to the transaction. * An event can be not inconsistent and not field-consistent if it contains fields required by the transaction but none of these fields has been instantiated in the transaction (by a previous event addition). * Defaults to: connected=true startswith=<transam-filter-string> * A search or eval filtering expression which, if satisfied by an event, marks the beginning of a new transaction. * For example: * startswith="login" * startswith=(username=foobar) * startswith=eval(speed_field < max_speed_field) * startswith=eval(speed_field < max_speed_field/12) * Defaults to: "" endswith=<transam-filter-string> * A search or eval filtering expression which, if satisfied by an event, marks the end of a transaction. * For example: * endswith="logout" * endswith=(username=foobar) * endswith=eval(speed_field > max_speed_field) * endswith=eval(speed_field > max_speed_field/12) * Defaults to: "" * For startswith/endswith <transam-filter-string> has the following syntax: * syntax: "<search-expression>" | (<quoted-search-expression>) | eval(<eval-expression>) * Where: * <search-expression> is a valid search expression that does not contain quotes * <quoted-search-expression> is a valid search expression that contains quotes * <eval-expression> is a valid eval expression that evaluates to a boolean. For example, startswith=eval(foo<bar*2) will match events where foo is less than 2 x bar. * Examples: * "<search expression>": startswith="foo bar" * <quoted-search-expression>: startswith=(name="mildred") * <quoted-search-expression>: startswith=("search literal") * eval(<eval-expression>): startswith=eval(distance/time < max_speed) memory constraint options maxopentxn=<int> * Specifies the maximum number of not yet closed transactions to keep in the open pool. When this limit is surpassed, Splunk begins evicting transactions using LRU (least-recently-used memory cache algorithm) policy. * The default value of this attribute is read from the transactions stanza in limits.conf. maxopenevents=<int> * Specifies the maximum number of events (can be) part of open transactions. When this limit is surpassed, Splunk begins evicting transactions using LRU (least-recently-used memory cache algorithm) policy. * The default value of this attribute is read from the transactions stanza in limits.conf. keepevicted=<bool> * Whether to output evicted transactions. Evicted transactions can be distinguished from non-evicted transactions by checking the value of the 'evicted' field, which is set to '1' for evicted transactions. * Defaults to: keepevicted=false multivalue rendering options mvlist=<bool>|<field-list> * Field controlling whether the multivalued fields of the transaction are (1) a list of the original events ordered in arrival order or (2) a set of unique field values ordered lexigraphically. If a comma/space delimited list of fields is provided only those fields are rendered as lists * Defaults to: mvlist=f delim=<string> * A string used to delimit the original event values in the transaction event fields. * Defaults to: delim=" " nullstr=<string> * The string value to use when rendering missing field values as part of mv fields in a transaction. * This option applies only to fields that are rendered as lists. * Defaults to: nullstr=NULL values only used by the searchtxn search command search=<string> * A search string used to more efficiently seed transactions of this type. * The value should be as specific as possible, to limit the number of events that must be retrieved to find transactions. * Example: sourcetype="sendmaill_sendmail" * Defaults to "*" (all events)
# Version 7.2.9 # # This is an example transactiontypes.conf. Use this file as a template to # configure transactions types. # # To use one or more of these configurations, copy the configuration block into # transactiontypes.conf in $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/system/local/. # # To learn more about configuration files (including precedence) please see the # documentation located at # http://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Admin/Aboutconfigurationfiles [default] maxspan = 5m maxpause = 2s match = closest [purchase] maxspan = 10m maxpause = 5m fields = userid
Last modified on 25 October, 2019
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 7.2.9
Feedback submitted, thanks!