Splunk® Enterprise

Workload Management

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Splunk Enterprise version 8.0 will no longer be supported as of October 22, 2021. See the Splunk Software Support Policy for details. For information about upgrading to a supported version, see How to upgrade Splunk Enterprise.
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Configure Linux systemd for workload management

If your Linux system is running systemd, you must configure systemd to manage splunkd as a service by creating a unit file that defines a cgroup hierarchy.

The following diagram illustrates the cgroup hierarchy under systemd:

The diagram shows the cgroup hierarchy on Linux machines running under systemd. 80 percent of the available system CPU and memory is reserved for splunkd.

For more information, see cgroups.

You must configure cpu and memory cgroups for workload management on all search heads and indexers.

Configure systemd to manage splunkd as a service

There are two ways to configure systemd to manage splunkd as a service:

Configuring systemd using splunk enable boot-start requires Splunk Enterprise version 7.2.2 or later.

System requirements

To enable workload management in Splunk Enterprise under systemd requires systemd version 219 or higher. For more information, see Linux operating system requirements in the Workload Management manual.

Permissions requirements for systemd

systemd has the following permissions requirements:

  • Non-root users must have super user permissions to manually configure systemd on Linux.
  • Non-root users must have super user permissions to run start, stop, and restart commands under systemd.

For instructions on how to create a new user with super user permissions, see your Linux documentation. The specific steps can vary depending on the specific Linux distribution.

You must use sudo to run splunk start|stop|restart. If you do not use sudo, you must authenticate. For example:

==== AUTHENTICATING FOR org.freedesktop.systemd1.manage-units ===
Authentication is required to manage system services or units.
Multiple identities can be used for authentication:
 1.  <username_1>
 2.  <username_2>
Choose identity to authenticate as (1-2): 2

Configure systemd manually

Follow these steps to configure systemd to manage splunkd as a service:

  1. Confirm that your Linux machine is running systemd. See Is Linux running systemd?.
  2. Before you create, delete, or modify the systemd unit file, you must stop splunkd.
    $SPLUNK_HOME/bin/splunk stop
  3. If you enabled Splunk software to start at boot using enable boot-start, run disable boot-start to remove the splunk init script from /etc/init.d and its symbolic links.
    sudo $SPLUNK_HOME/bin/splunk disable boot-start
  4. Open the $SPLUNK_HOME/etc/splunk-launch.conf file and note the value of SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME. The default value is Splunkd.
  5. In the /etc/systemd/system directory, create a unit file (text file) named <SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME>.service, such as Splunkd.service.

    You can change the SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME to any name you choose by directly editing the splunk-launch.conf file.

  6. Add the following content to the <SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME>.service unit file:
    ExecStart=/opt/splunk/bin/splunk _internal_launch_under_systemd
    SuccessExitStatus=51 52
    ExecStartPost=/bin/bash -c "chown -R splunker:splunker /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/system.slice/%n"
    ExecStartPost=/bin/bash -c "chown -R splunker:splunker /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/system.slice/%n"

    The MemoryLimit value should be set to the total system memory available in bytes. The MemoryLimit value will not update if the total available system memory changes. To update the MemoryLimit value in the unit file, manually edit the unit file value and run the systemctl daemon-reload command to reload systemd.

    The following unit file properties are set specifically for Splunk workload management:
    Do not change these values unless you are familiar with systemd or receive guidance from Splunk support.

    Do not use the following unit file properties. These properties can cause splunkd to fail on restart.

    For more information on systemd unit file configuration settings, see Service unit configuration.

  7. Reload the unit file.
    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  8. Start splunkd.
    sudo $SPLUNK_HOME/bin/splunk start

    This starts splunkd as a systemd service.

    Under systemd, splunk start|stop|restart commands are mapped to systemctl start|stop|restart commands.

  9. Verify that splunkd is running as a systemd service:
    sudo systemctl status <SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME>.service

    When you create the splunkd service, systemd creates corresponding CPU and Memory cgroups in these locations:

    CPU: /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/system.slice/<SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME>.service
    Memory: /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/system.slice/<SPLUNK_SERVER_NAME>.service

    On Splunk Enterprise 8.0.0 or higher, on initial start of the splunkd service, the software checks the systemd environment, identifies the cgroup path, and automatically sets permissions for the cgroup directories.

  10. For distributed deployments, repeat steps 1-9 on all search heads and indexers.

Manage clusters under systemd

When managing an indexer cluster under systemd:

You must use the sudo command to start, stop, and restart the cluster master or individual peer nodes using splunk start|stop|restart commands. You do not need sudo to perform a rolling restart using the splunk rolling-restart cluster-peers command, or to take a peer offline using the splunk offline command.

When managing a search head cluster under systemd:

You must use the sudo command to start, stop, and restart cluster members using splunk start|stop|restart commands. You do not need sudo to perform a rolling restart using the splunk rolling-restart shcluster-members command, or to remove a cluster member using the splunk remove shcluster-members command.

Upgrade considerations for systemd

If you configured Splunk Enterprise to run as a systemd service in version 7.3.x or earlier, upon upgrade to version 8.0.0, Splunk Enterprise automatically modifies the existing splunkd unit file. For detailed information on these unit files changes, see Upgrade considerations for systemd in the Admin Manual.

Next step

After you set up cgroups on your Linux operating system, you can configure workload management in Splunk Enterprise. See Configure workload management.

Last modified on 14 January, 2021
Set up Linux for workload management
Configure Linux systems not running systemd

This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 8.0.8, 8.0.9, 8.0.10

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