prjob command is an internal, unsupported, experimental command. See
About internal commands.
prjob command for parallel reduce search processing of an SPL search in a distributed search environment. The
prjob command analyzes the specified SPL search and attempts to reduce the search runtime by automatically placing a
redistribute command in front of the first non-streaming SPL command like
transaction in the search. It provides the same functionality as the
redistribute command, but with a simpler syntax. Similar to the
redistribute command, use the
prjob command to automatically speed up high cardinality searches that aggregate a large number of search results.
prjob [num_of_reducers=<int>] [subsearch]
- Syntax: [<subsearch>]
- Description: Specifies the search string that the
prjobcommand attempts to process in parallel.
- Syntax: [num_of_reducers=<int>]
- Description: Specifies the number of eligible indexers from the indexer pool that may function as intermediate reducers. For example: When a search is run on 10 indexers and the configuration is set to use 60% of the indexer pool (with a maximum value of 5), it implies that only five indexers may be used as intermediate reducers. If the value of
num_of_reducersis set to greater than 5, only five reducers are available due to the limit. If the value of of
num_of_reducersis set to less than 5, the number of reducers used shrinks from the maximum limit of 5.
The value for num_of_reducers is controlled by two groups of settings:
The number of intermediate reducers is determined by the value set for
reducers. If no value is set for
reducers, the search uses the values set for
winningRate to determine the number of intermediate reducers.
For example: In a scenario where Splunk is configured so that the value of
num_of_reducers is set to 50 percent of the indexer pool and the
maxReducersPerPhase value is set to four indexers, a parallel reduce search that runs on six search peers will be assigned to run on three intermediate reducers. Similarly, a parallel reduce search that runs on four search peers, will be assigned to run on two intermediate reducers. However, searches that runs on ten search peers would be limited to the maximum of four intermediate reducers.
prjob command instead of the
redistribute command when you want to run a parallel reduce job without determining where to insert the
redistribute command or managing the by-clause field.
prjob command may be used only as the first command of a search. Additionally, you must include the entire search within the
prjob command. You must also have a role with the run_multi_phased_searches capability to run this command.
To use the
prjob command, set the
phased_execution_mode to multithreaded or auto and set
enabled to true in the
[search_optimization::pr_job_extractor] stanza of the
limits.conf configuration file.
prjob command does not support real time or verbose mode searches. Real time or verbose mode searches with the
prjob command may run, but the
redistribute operation will be ignored. Also, you may not use the
prjob and the
redistribute command within the same search.
prjob command supports the same commands as the
redistribute command. For more information, see redistribute. The prjob command only reduces the search runtime of an SPL search that contains at least one of the following non-streaming commands: …"
transaction(only on a single field)
Example 1: Using the
prjob command in a search automatically places the
redistribute command before the first non-streaming SPL command in the search. This speeds up a
stats search that aggregates a large number of results. The
stats count by host portion of the search is processed on the intermediate reducers and the search head aggregates the results.
Therefore, the following search:
| prjob [search index=myindex | stats count by host]
is transformed to:
search index=myindex | redistribute | stats count by host
Example 2: Speeds up a search that includes
eventstats and uses
sitimechart to perform the statistical calculations for a
timechart operation. The intermediate reducers process
sitimechart operations. The search head runs the
timechart command to turn the reduced
sitimechart statistics into sorted, visualization-ready results.
| prjob [search index=myindex | eventstats count by user, source | where count>10 | sitimechart max(count) by source | timechart max(count) by source]
Example 3: Speeds up a search that uses
tstats to generate events. The
tstats command must be placed at the start of the subsearch, and uses
prestats=t to work with the
timechart command. The
sitimechart command is processed on the intermediate reducers and the
timechart command is processed on the search head.
| prjob [search index=myindex | tstats prestats=t count by _time span=1d | sitimechart span=1d count | timechart span=1d count]
Example 4: The
where commands are processed in parallel on the reducers, while the
sort command and any other following commands are processed on the search head. This happens because the
sort command is a non-streaming command that is not supported by the
prjob command does not have an impact on this search.
| prjob [ search index=myindex | eventstats count by user, source | where count >10 | sort 0 -num(count) | ...]
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 8.1.0, 8.1.1, 8.1.2, 8.1.3, 8.1.4