Convert event logs to metric data points
Metrics are often buried in unstructured or semi-structured log data. The Splunk platform can automatically convert log data to metrics data points and then insert that data into a metrics index that you specify. It can perform this conversion when your log data is ingested into your Splunk platform deployment, or when you run a search on the log data with the
This functionality follows older features for the Splunk platform that enable the extraction of fields from events at ingest time and search time. When you set up a log-to-metrics conversion, you look at the field-value pairs that are pulled out of your unstructured events and identify the fields with numeric values that the search head can transform into measurements.
You can optionally identify extracted fields for the Splunk platform to exclude so they do not appear in the metric data points.
Extracted fields in your events that you have not identified as measurements or excluded fields are added by the search head to metric data points as dimensions.
Certain log-to-metrics feature extensions, such as the ability to create log-to-metric configurations that automatically process numeric fields as measures, can only be managed through manual configuration file edits or REST API operations.
Benefits of converting events to metric data points
If you find that it makes sense for you to convert your events to metric data points from a practical standpoint, you may want to do so. Metrics indexes store metric data points in a format that provides faster search performance and more efficient data storage than you will find with events in event indexes.
Additionally, if you use Splunk Enterprise, there may be some license quota benefits to log-to-metric conversion. For information about how metrics data is metered, see How Splunk Enterprise licensing works in the Admin Manual.
Conversion of events into metric data points with multiple measurements
Here are two log events that contain metrics data. Both of these events have the
internaldata source type.
|08-05-2017 20:26:29.073 -0700||INFO Metrics - group=queue, name=aeq, max_size_kb=500, current_size_kb=300, current_size=53|
|08-05-2017 20:26:29.075 -0700||INFO Metrics - group=queue, name=indexqueue, max_size_kb=500, current_size_kb=200, current_size=55|
After you set up the log-to-metrics configuration, the Splunk platform runs a process that extracts field-value pairs from events with the
internaldata source type. It converts the numeric fields into measurement fields that follow this syntax:
metric_name:<metric name>=<value>. It treats the remaining fields (
name) as dimensions.
Anatomy of a log-to-metrics metric data point
Each metric data point contains a
_time field and one or more measurement fields. Metric data points can also have one or more dimension fields. Learn more about metric data points in Overview of metrics.
The following table explains how the log-to-metrics process derives the values of each metric data point field:
|Metric field||Example||Origin of value|
||Uses the |
||Transforms a field with a numeric value into a measurement field with this syntax: |
||Uses the name of the field that provides the |
||Uses the value of the numeric field that the measurement is based on. In this case, the measurement is based on |
||Any fields in a log event besides |
The Splunk platform cannot index metric data points that contain
metric_name fields which are empty or composed entirely of white spaces.
Set up basic ingest-time log-to-metric conversions through Splunk Web
Use Splunk Web to set up ingest-time conversion of logs to metric data points when all of the events in the log being ingested share the same fields.
There are two stages to the Splunk Web process for setting up log-to-metrics conversion:
- Create a new source type of the Log to Metrics category on the Source Types listing page in Settings.
- Associate that Log to Metrics source type with an appropriate log data input when you create or edit the input.
For more information, see Set up ingest-time log-to-metrics conversion in Splunk Web.
Create sophisticated ingest-time log-to-metric conversions with props.conf and transforms.conf
Manually create configurations in
props.conf for ingest-time conversion of logs to metric data points when the events in the log being ingested have different sets of measurement fields. For example, you can design configurations that sort events by the values of a shared field and then apply specific log-to-metric conversion rules to each of those event groups.
For more information, see Set up ingest-time log-to-metrics conversion with configuration files.
Numeric fields that are never converted to metric measures
Certain numeric field names are reserved. The Splunk software cannot convert indexed fields with these names to metric measures. If you use these names for your indexed measure fields, you should arrange to have them renamed before they undergo log-to-metric processing. Such renaming will require changes to your transforms.conf configurations.
This is the list of reserved field names:
Get metrics in from other sources
Set up ingest-time log-to-metrics conversion in Splunk Web
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 8.1.0, 8.1.1, 8.1.2, 8.1.3, 8.1.4, 8.2.0