where command uses eval-expressions to filter search results. These eval-expressions must be Boolean expressions, where the expression returns either true or false. The
where command returns only the results for which the eval expression returns true.
- Syntax: <eval-mathematical-expression> | <eval-concatenate-expression> | <eval-comparison-expression> | <eval-boolean-expression> | <eval-function-call>
- Description: A combination of values, variables, operators, and functions that represent the value of your destination field. See Usage.
- The syntax of the eval expression is checked before running the search, and an exception is thrown for an invalid expression.
- The following table describes characteristics of eval expressions that require special handling.
Expression characteristics Description Example Field names starting with numeric characters If the expression references a field name that starts with a numeric character, the field name must be surrounded by single quotation marks.
Field names with non-alphanumeric characters If the expression references a field name that contains non-alphanumeric characters, the field name must be surrounded by single quotation marks.
Literal strings with non-alphanumeric characters If the expression references a literal string that contains non-alphanumeric characters, the string must be surrounded by double quotation marks.
where command uses the same expression syntax as the
eval command. Also, both commands interpret quoted strings as literals. If the string is not quoted, it is treated as a field name. Because of this, you can use the
where command to compare two different fields, which you cannot use the
search command to do.
The order in which Boolean expressions are evaluated with the
where command is:
- Expressions within parentheses
- NOT clauses
- AND clauses
- OR clauses
This evaluation order is different than the order used with the
search command. The
search command evaluates OR clauses before AND clauses.
You can use a wide range of functions with the
where command. For general information about using functions, see Evaluation functions.
The following table lists the supported functions by type of function. Use the links in the table to learn more about each function, and to see examples.
|Type of function||Supported functions and syntax|
|Comparison and Conditional functions||
|Date and Time functions||
|Multivalue eval functions||
|Statistical eval functions||
|Trigonometry and Hyperbolic functions||
1. Use the
where command to match IP addresses or a subnet
Return "CheckPoint" events that match the IP or is in the specified subnet.
host="CheckPoint" | where like(src, "10.9.165.%") OR cidrmatch("10.9.165.0/25", dst)
2. Use the
where command to specify a calculation
Return "physicsjobs" events with a speed is greater than 100.
sourcetype=physicsjobs | where distance/time > 100
Have questions? Visit Splunk Answers and see what questions and answers the Splunk community has using the where command.
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 6.6.0, 6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, 6.6.4, 6.6.5, 6.6.6, 6.6.7, 6.6.8, 7.0.0, 7.0.1, 7.0.2, 7.0.3, 7.0.4, 7.1.0, 7.1.1, 7.1.2