Splunk® Enterprise

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typeahead

Description

Returns autosuggest information for a specified prefix that is used to autocomplete word candidates in searches. The maximum number of results returned is based on the value you specify for the count argument.

Syntax

The required syntax is in bold.

| typeahead
prefix=<string>
count=<int>
[collapse=<bool>]
[endtimeu=<int>]
[index=<string>]
[max_servers=<int>]
[max_time=<int>]
[starttimeu=<int>]
[use_cache=<bool>]

Required arguments

prefix
Syntax: prefix=<string>
Description: The full search string to return typeahead information.
count
Syntax: count=<int>
Description: The maximum number of results to return.

Optional arguments

collapse
Syntax: collapse=<bool>
Description: Specify whether to collapse a term that is a prefix of another term when the event count is the same.
Default: true
endtimeu
Syntax: endtimeu=<int>
Description: Set the end time to N seconds, measured in UNIX time.
Default: now
index-specifier
Syntax: index=<string>
Description: Search the specified index instead of the default index.
max_servers
Syntax: max_servers=<int>
Description: Specify the maximum number of indexers or remote search peers to be used in addition to the search head for typeahead searches. If the max_servers argument is not specified, the default value is 2, which means Splunk software uses two search peers in addition to any search heads.
Default: 2
max_time
Syntax: max_time=<int>
Description: The maximum time in seconds that the typeahead can run. If max_time=0, there is no limit.
Default: 1 second
startimeu
Syntax: starttimeu=<int>
Description: Set the start time to N seconds, measured in UNIX time.
Default: 0
use_cache
Syntax: use_cache = <boolean>
Description: Specifies whether the typeahead cache will be used if use_cache is not specified in the command line or endpoint. When use_cache is turned on, Splunk software uses cached search results when running typeahead searches, which may have outdated results for a few minutes after you make changes to .conf files. For more information, see Typeahead and .conf file updates.
Default: true or 1

Usage

The typeahead command is a generating command and should be the first command in the search. Generating commands use a leading pipe character.

The typeahead command can be targeted to an index and restricted by time.

When you run the typeahead command, Splunk software runs internal typeahead searches and extracts data from indexes, configurations, and search histories. This information is used to autocomplete word candidates when users type commands in the Search bar in Splunk Web. The typeahead command extracts data from these sources:

  • Indexing field names from indexes.
  • Settings in configuration files, such as props.conf and savedsearches.conf.
  • The search history from previous searches in Splunk Web.

The impact of typeahead on search results

The typeahead command returns the most common terms found in indexed data with the given prefix. If you use the typeahead command with the default settings, the command may not return all search results or the correct search results in the following cases:

  • The time to complete the search takes longer than the value specified by the max_time argument, which is 1 second, by default.
  • Data is indexed on a server that is not randomly chosen, resulting in the exclusion of its data from the search results. This can happen when the value of max_server is less than the number of indexers, for example, if max_server is set to the default, which is 2, but there are actually 3 indexers.

In addition, the typeahead command may not return all of the search results if the count argument is set lower than the actual number of results. For example, if the count argument is set to 10, the typeahead command returns only the top 10 results, even though more results could actually be returned.

Set the number of additional search peers used in a typeahead job

The max_servers argument is designed to minimize the workload impact of running typeahead search jobs in an indexer clustering environment. For load balancing, the selection of additional search peers for typeahead is random.

A setting of 0 removes all limits, causing all available search peers to be used for typeahead search jobs.

The default for the max_servers argument is controlled by the max_servers setting in limits.conf.

Typeahead and .conf file updates

The typeahead command uses a cache to run fast searches at the expense of accurate results. As a result, sometimes what is in the cache and shows up in typeahead search results may not reflect recent changes to .conf files. This is because it takes 5 or 10 minutes for the cached data to clear, depending on the performance of the server. For example, if you rename a sourcetype in the props.conf file, it may take a few minutes for that change to display in typeahead search results. A typeahead search that is run while the cache is being cleared returns the cached data, which is expected behavior.

If you make a change to a .conf file, you can wait a few minutes for the cache to clear to get the most accurate and up-to-date results from your typeahead search. Alternatively, you can turn off the use_cache argument to clear the cache immediately, which fetches more accurate results, but is a little slower. After you manually clear the cache, you should see the changes to your .conf file reflected in your results when you rerun the typeahead search.

For more information, see Rename source types in the Splunk Cloud Platform Getting Data In manual.

Typeahead and tsidx bucket reduction

typeahead searches over indexes that have undergone tsidx bucket reduction will return incorrect results.

For more information see Reduce tsidx disk usage in Managing indexers and clusters of indexers.

Examples

Example 1: Return typeahead information for source

When you run a typeahead search, Splunk software extracts information about field definitions from indexes, configurations, and search histories, and displays the relevant information for the specified prefix. For example, say you run the following search for the source prefix against the main index:

| typeahead index=main prefix="source" count=3

The typeahead command searches the index and shows you what is visible to your users as autocomplete suggestions when they start to type source in their searches in Splunk Web. The results look something like this:

content count operator
source="access_30DAY.log" 131645 false
source="data.csv" 4 false
source="db_audit_30DAY.csv" 44096 false

Example 2: Return typeahead information for saved searches

You can also run typeahead on saved searches. For example, say you run this search:

|typeahead prefix="savedsearch=" count=3

The results look something like this, which tells you what your users see as autocomplete suggestions when they start to type savedsearch in the Search bar in Splunk Web.

content count operator
savedsearch="403_by_clientip" 26 true
savedsearch="Errors in the last 24 hours" 5 true
savedsearch="Errors in the last hour" 2 true

Example 3: Return typeahead information for sourcetypes in the _internal index

When you run the following typeahead search, Splunk software returns typeahead information for sourcetypes in the _internal index.

| typeahead prefix=sourcetype count=5 index=_internal

The results look something like this.

content count operator
sourcetype 373993 false
sourcetype="mongod" 711 false
sourcetype="scheduler" 2508 false
sourcetype="splunk_btool" 3 false
sourcetype="splunk_intro_disk_objects" 5 false
Last modified on 10 June, 2022
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This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 9.0.0, 9.0.1


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