Splunk® Common Information Model Add-on

Common Information Model Add-on Manual

Download manual as PDF

Download topic as PDF

Change Field Mapping

The following shows an example of how change events map differently from various cloud providers to CIM data model field names.

See the Change data model for full field descriptions.

Update user example

The update user event from Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Azure is a good way to see a common event and how each cloud provider maps to CIM data model field names. An example case is where an admin creates or updates an IAMUser. The admin is the source user and source type.

AWS update user

A sample AWS update user action follows:

Click expand or collapse to show or hide the example.

{
  "eventVersion": "1.05",
  "userIdentity": {
    "type": "IAMUser",                      /** -----  user_type, src_user_type
    "principalId": "AIDA3HRA7T6MUVQJRHPKV", /** -----  user, user_id
    "arn": "arn:aws:iam::772089552793:user/example_name",
    "accountId": "772089552793",            /** -----  vendor_account
    "accessKeyId": "AKIA3HRA7T6MVC4EBVOG",
    "userName": "example_name"
  },
  "eventTime": "2020-06-25T16:56:12Z",
  "eventSource": "iam.amazonaws.com",       /** -----  app, dest
  "eventName": "UpdateUser",                /** -----  action, command
  "awsRegion": "us-east-1",
  "sourceIPAddress": "72.83.94.230",        /** -----  src, src_ip
  "userAgent": "aws-cli/2.0.0 Python/3.7.4 Darwin/19.5.0 botocore/2.0.0dev4", /** -----  user_agent
  "requestParameters": {                    /** -----  object, object_attrs, object_category, object_id, object_path
    "userName": "user_change_dm",
    "newUserName": "user_change"
  },
  "responseElements": null,
  "requestID": "7e371c54-8df7-4f1f-b3b8-03d1298a52fd",
  "eventID": "74f66cee-7fe3-48f1-97ee-9c59efc40a5f",
  "eventType": "AwsApiCall",
  "recipientAccountId": "772089552793"
}

Azure update user

A sample Azure update user action follows:

Click expand or collapse to show or hide the example.

{
  "id": "Directory_5c4d6b97-3e18-4565-ad44-3c20ee2c70ab_1CKOF_99617149",
  "category": "UserManagement",                 /** -----  object_category
  "correlationId": "5c4d6b97-3e18-4565-ad44-3c20ee2c70ab",
  "result": "success",                          /** -----  status
  "resultReason": "",                           /** -----  result
  "activityDisplayName": "Disable Strong Authentication", /** -----  command
  "activityDateTime": "2020-06-11T23:07:51.971036Z",
  "loggedByService": "Core Directory",          /** -----  dest, dvc
  "operationType": "Update",                    /** -----  action
  "initiatedBy": {
    "app": null,
    "user": {
      "id": "df22f023-9e0f-4d78-bdd5-d496688af11e",
      "displayName": null,
      "userPrincipalName": "admin@a830edad9050849NDA3079.onmicrosoft.com",  /** -----  src_user
      "ipAddress": null,
      "userType": null
    }
  },
  "targetResources": [
    {
      "id": "93a565f6-d0fc-4ac3-9d2a-8c1de9aeed3c", /** -----  object_id
      "displayName": null,
      "type": "User",                               /** -----  change_type, object_category
      "userPrincipalName": "es_csm_change_model@a830edad9050849nda3079.onmicrosoft.com",  /** -----  user, user_id
      "groupType": null,
      "modifiedProperties": [
        {
          "displayName": "StrongAuthenticationRequirement",
          "oldValue": "[{\"RelyingParty\":\"*\",\"State\":1,\"RememberDevicesNotIssuedBefore\":\"2020-06-11T23:07:35+00:00\"}]",
          "newValue": "[]"
        },
        {
          "displayName": "Included Updated Properties",
          "oldValue": null,
          "newValue": "\"StrongAuthenticationRequirement\"" /** -----  object_attrs
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "additionalDetails": []
}

User update field mapping

Using the user update from AWS as a base sample, and comparing it to a similar event from Azure is a good way to see the similarities and differences per common CIM field names.

User example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

AIDA3HRA7T6MUVQJRHPKV

userIdentity.principalId
  • user
  • user_id
Azure

es_csm_change_model@a830edad9050849nda3079.onmicrosoft.com

targetResources.userPrincipalName
  • user
  • user_id
Destination example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

iam.amazonaws.com

eventSource
  • app
  • dest
Azure

Core Directory

loggedByService
  • dest
  • dvc
Action example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

UpdateUser

eventName
  • action
  • command
Azure

Update

operationType action
Object example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS
"requestParameters": {
    "userName": "user_change_dm",
    "newUserName": "user_change"
  },
requestParameters
  • object
  • object_attrs
  • object_category
  • object_id
  • object_path
Azure

UserManagement

category object_category
Azure

93a565f6-d0fc-4ac3-9d2a-8c1de9aeed3c

targetResources.id object_id
Azure

"StrongAuthenticationRequirement\"

targetResources.modifiedProperties object_attrs

Reboot example

The login success event from Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Azure is a good way to see a common event and how each cloud provider maps to CIM data model field names.

AWS EC2 instance reboot

A sample AWS EC2 instance reboot action follows:

Click expand or collapse to show or hide the example.

{
  "eventVersion": "1.05",
  "userIdentity": {
    "type": "IAMUser",                         /** -----  user_type, src_user_type
    "principalId": "AIDA3HRA7T6MRJYJZSGXO",    /** -----  user, user_id
    "arn": "arn:aws:iam::772089552793:user/example_name",
    "accountId": "772089552793",               /** -----  vendor_account
    "accessKeyId": "ASIA3HRA7T6MR2NXOREA",
    "userName": "example_name",              
    "sessionContext": {
      "sessionIssuer": {},
      "webIdFederationData": {},
      "attributes": {
        "mfaAuthenticated": "false",
        "creationDate": "2020-06-08T21:51:29Z"
      }
    }
  },
  "eventTime": "2020-06-09T01:05:55Z",
  "eventSource": "ec2.amazonaws.com",            /** -----  app, dest
  "eventName": "RebootInstances",                /** -----  action, command
  "awsRegion": "us-east-2",                      /** -----  vendor_region
  "sourceIPAddress": "73.162.147.20",            /** -----  src, src_ip
  "userAgent": "console.ec2.amazonaws.com",      /** -----  user_agent
  "requestParameters": {                         /** -----  object, object_attrs, object_category, object_id, object_path
    "instancesSet": {
      "items": [
        {
          "instanceId": "i-09b1f332093983cc1"
        }
      ]
    }
  },
  "responseElements": {
    "requestId": "b09c7d96-645e-45db-aa6f-e09c32ad076e",
    "_return": true
  },
  "requestID": "b09c7d96-645e-45db-aa6f-e09c32ad076e",
  "eventID": "43a8628d-5fc7-42f7-8666-b71664cefbac",
  "eventType": "AwsApiCall",
  "recipientAccountId": "772089552793"
}

Azure virtual machine reboot

A sample Azure virtual machine reboot action follows:

Click expand or collapse to show or hide the example.

{
  "time": "2020-06-18T22:31:41.7234475Z",
  "resourceId": "/SUBSCRIPTIONS/AE4AB7C9-DCDF-4427-9729-48E8C7551BE9/RESOURCEGROUPS/ES_CSM_CHANGE_MODEL/PROVIDERS/MICROSOFT.COMPUTE/VIRTUALMACHINES/ES-CSM-CHNAGE-VM-1",                                    /** -----  object_id, object, app, object_category 
  "operationName": "MICROSOFT.COMPUTE/VIRTUALMACHINES/RESTART/ACTION",    /** -----  app, dest 
  "category": "Administrative",
  "resultType": "Success",
  "resultSignature": "Succeeded.",                                        /** -----  status
  "durationMs": 0,
  "callerIpAddress": "174.62.106.48",
  "correlationId": "3cdcca7c-a98c-46b6-b3f9-9ce2d27c5fe4",
  "identity": {
    "authorization": {
      "scope": "/subscriptions/ae4ab7c9-dcdf-4427-9729-48e8c7551be9/resourceGroups/es_csm_change_model/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/es-csm-chnage-vm-1",
      "action": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/restart/action",       /** -----  action, command
      "evidence": {
        "role": "Contributor",
        "roleAssignmentScope": "/subscriptions/ae4ab7c9-dcdf-4427-9729-48e8c7551be9",
        "roleAssignmentId": "8eb22423e5cc461592fda56f5b5dc2aa",
        "roleDefinitionId": "b24988ac618042a0ab8820f7382dd24c",
        "principalId": "149ec7a11f3a4878a1d558f4a1e67655",
        "principalType": "User"
      }
    },
    "claims": {
      "aud": "https://management.core.windows.net/",
      "iss": "https://sts.windows.net/2ed28a74-1f6f-4829-8530-fe359c77d35c/",
      "iat": "1592517408",
      "nbf": "1592517408",
      "exp": "1592521308",
      "http://schemas.microsoft.com/claims/authnclassreference": "1",
      "aio": "ATQAy/8PAAAAtikpFkPjCTjg0x5DI7ch1Ki6e2TVeKzmZrn2OnJ5GchOOfM/PN7RfBss5uGIecXp",
      "http://schemas.microsoft.com/claims/authnmethodsreferences": "pwd",
      "appid": "c44b4083-3bb0-49c1-b47d-974e53cbdf3c",
      "appidacr": "2",
      "ipaddr": "174.62.106.48",                                          /** -----  src, src_ip                         
      "name": "Example_Name",
      "http://schemas.microsoft.com/identity/claims/objectidentifier": "149ec7a1-1f3a-4878-a1d5-58f4a1e67655",
      "puid": "10032000C9954D8E",
      "http://schemas.microsoft.com/identity/claims/scope": "user_impersonation",
      "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/nameidentifier": "nZAgSAB9HehKWTDa3J1iIqTLWNzipERZJYScR7qzot4",
      "http://schemas.microsoft.com/identity/claims/tenantid": "2ed28a74-1f6f-4829-8530-fe359c77d35c",
      "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/name": "admin@a830edad9050849nda3079.onmicrosoft.com", /** -----  user_id
      "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/upn": "admin@a830edad9050849nda3079.onmicrosoft.com",
      "uti": "Ka0FzSYrf02er9SWaHN9AA",
      "ver": "1.0"
    }
  },
  "level": "Information",
  "properties": {
    "category": "Administrative"
  }
}

Reboot field mapping

Using the reboot from AWS as a base sample, and comparing it to a similar event from Azure is a good way to see the similarities and differences per common CIM field names.

User example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

AIDA3HRA7T6MRJYJZSGXO

userIdentity.principalId user, user_id
Azure

admin@a830edad9050849nda3079.onmicrosoft.com

identity.claims.http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/name
  • user
  • src_user
User type example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

IAMUser

userIdentity.type
  • user_type
  • src_user_type
Azure

n/a

n/a na/
Destination example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

ec2.amazonaws.com

eventSource
  • app
  • dest
Azure

Microsoft.Compute

operationName
  • app
  • dest
Action example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

RebootInstances

eventName
  • action
  • command
Azure

MICROSOFT.COMPUTE/VIRTUALMACHINES/RESTART/ACTION

operationName
  • action
  • command
Source example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS

73.162.147.20

sourceIPAddress
  • src
  • src_ip
Azure

174.62.106.48

claims.ipaddr
  • src
  • src_ip
Object example data Provider field name CIM field name
AWS
"requestParameters": {
         "force": false,
         "instancesSet": {
         "items": [{
                  "instanceId": "i-c103dcc9"
                  }]
         }
},
requestParameters
  • object
  • object_attrs
  • object_category
  • object_id
  • object_path
Azure

/SUBSCRIPTIONS/AE4AB7C9-DCDF-4427-9729-48E8C7551BE9/RESOURCEGROUPS/ES_CSM_CHANGE_MODEL/PROVIDERS/MICROSOFT.COMPUTE/VIRTUALMACHINES/ES-CSM-CHNAGE-VM-1

resourceId
  • object_id
  • object:
    .../ES_CSM_CHANGE_MODEL-VM-1
  • object_category:
    .../VIRTUALMACHINES/...
Last modified on 30 June, 2020
PREVIOUS
Authentication Field Mapping
  NEXT
Network Traffic Field Mapping

This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Common Information Model Add-on: 4.17.0


Was this documentation topic helpful?

Enter your email address, and someone from the documentation team will respond to you:

Please provide your comments here. Ask a question or make a suggestion.

You must be logged into splunk.com in order to post comments. Log in now.

Please try to keep this discussion focused on the content covered in this documentation topic. If you have a more general question about Splunk functionality or are experiencing a difficulty with Splunk, consider posting a question to Splunkbase Answers.

0 out of 1000 Characters