Splunk® Data Stream Processor

Function Reference

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Send data to a Splunk index with batching

Send data to an external Splunk Enterprise system. You must create a Splunk Enterprise connection to use this function, see Create a DSP connection to a Splunk index. The Splunk Enterprise Indexes function combines the actions of three underlying DSP functions into one for convenience:

This function adds out-of-the-box support for index-based routing with batched data. If you want to send data from DSP to multiple Splunk Enterprise indexes, you can use this function to specify the target index on a per-record basis. Additionally, you can specify how often batches are emitted by one of two optional arguments: batch_size, which specifies a max payload size in bytes or batch_millis which specifies a max time to wait before emitting the batch.

Function input schema

See Connecting Splunk indexes to your DSP pipeline.

Required arguments

Syntax: string
Description: The ID of the Splunk Enterprise Connection.
Example: "576205b3-f6f5-4ab7-8ffc-a4089a95d0c4"
Syntax: expression<string>
Description: An expression to get the Splunk Index, if it exists, in your record. If your data does not contain an index, set this field to empty string "".
Example: cast(map_get(attributes, "index"), "string")
Syntax: expression<string>
Description: If your record doesn't contain a Splunk Index field, then this function sends your data to the index specified in this argument. If you do not want to specify a default index, set this field to empty string "".
Example: "main"

Optional arguments

Syntax: map<string, string>
Description: The optional parameters you can enter in this function. See the following table for a description of each parameter. Defaults to empty { }.
Parameter Syntax Description Example
hec-token-validation boolean Set to true to enable HEC token validation. Defaults to true. hec-token-validation: true
hec-enable-ack boolean Set to true for the function to wait for an acknowledgement for every single event. Set to false if acknowledgments in your Splunk platform are disabled or to increase throughput. Defaults to true. hec-enable-ack: true
hec-gzip-compression boolean Set to true to compress HEC JSON data and increase throughput at the expense of increasing pipeline CPU utilization. Defaults to false. hec-gzip-compression: false
async boolean Set to true to send data asynchronously. In async mode, send operations from DSP do not wait for a response to return therefore increasing performance. Best practices are to enable this for performance optimization. See Performance expectations for sending data from DSP pipelines to Splunk Enterprise. Defaults to false. async: false
async-max-retries number Ignored unless async is set to True. The maximum number of times the DSP HEC client will attempt to write a HEC JSON payload to the Splunk Enterprise HEC endpoint. Defaults to 3. async-max-retries: 4
async-timeout-ms number Ignored unless async is set to True. The maximum time, in milliseconds, to wait for an asynchronous write to the Splunk Enterprise HEC endpoint to succeed. When an async I/O request times out, an exception is thrown and the pipeline is restarted. Defaults to 10000 (10 seconds). async-timeout-ms: 10000
async-capacity number Ignored unless async is set to True. The maximum number of async I/O operations that can be happening concurrently. This number is total across all indexers, not per indexer. Defaults to 100. async-capacity: 100
Description: The maximum size, in bytes, of the emitted batched byte[]. The size of your emitted batched bytes cannot exceed 100 MB. Defaults to 10MB.
Example: "2MB"
Syntax: long
Description: The interval, in milliseconds, at which to send batched data to Splunk Enterprise. Defaults to 10000.
Example: 2000

SPL2 example

In this example, records are sent to the index specified in the index key of the attributes field. If the index key does not exist in attributes, then that record is sent to the main index. Additionally, the async, hec-token-validation, and hec-gzip-compression fields are configured for optimal throughput. Finally, the Splunk Enterprise Indexes function sends your data to the HEC endpoint when your payload reaches 100B in size.

You can write the function by providing arguments in this exact order.

| from splunk_firehose()
| into splunk_enterprise_indexes(
    cast(map_get(attributes, "index"), "string"),
    {"async": "true", "hec-enable-ack": "false", "hec-token-validation": "true", "hec-gzip-compression": "true"},

Alternatively, you can use named arguments to declare the arguments in any order without having to list all arguments. All unprovided arguments use their default values. See SPL2 syntax for more details. The following example skips the parameters argument but still provides other optional arguments.

| from splunk_firehose()
| into splunk_enterprise_indexes(
    connection_id: "b5c57cbd-1470-4639-9938-deb3509cbbc8",
    index: cast(map_get(attributes, "index"), "string"),
    default_index: "events_idx_2",
    batch_millis: 2000,
    batch_size: "100B"

Assume that you have the following three records in your data:

  body="my data 1", source_type="mysourcetype1", id="id1", source="mysource", timestamp=1234567890011, host="myhost1", attributes={"attr1":"val1", "index":"index1"}
  body="my data 2", source_type="mysourcetype2", id="id2", source="mysource", timestamp=1234567890012, host="myhost2", attributes={"index":"index2"}
  body="my data 3", source_type="mysourcetype3", id="id3", source="mysource", timestamp=1234567890013, host="myhost3"

Sending these records to the Splunk_Enterprise_Indexes function with the arguments specified in the earlier SPL2 Pipeline Builder example results in the following HEC JSON payload:

{"event":"my data 1", "sourcetype":"mysourcetype1", "source":"mysource", "host":"myhost1", "index": "index1", "time":"1234567890.011"}
{"event":"my data 2", "sourcetype":"mysourcetype2", "source":"mysource", "host":"myhost2", "index": "index2", "time":"1234567890.012"}
{"event":"my data 3", "sourcetype":"mysourcetype3", "source":"mysource", "host":"myhost3", time":"1234567890.013"}
Last modified on 30 November, 2020
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Send data to a Splunk index

This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Data Stream Processor: 1.2.0

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