Make a universal forwarder part of a system image
This topic describes how to deploy a universal forwarder as part of a system image or virtual machine. This is particularly useful if you have a large number of universal forwarders to deploy. If you have just a few, you might find it simpler to install them manually, as described for Windows and nix machines.
Before following the procedures in this topic, read "Universal forwarder deployment overview".
Steps to deployment
Once you have downloaded the universal forwarder and have planned your deployment, perform these steps:
1. Install the universal forwarder on a test machine. See below.
2. Perform any post-installation configuration, as described below, here.
3. Test and tune the deployment, as described below.
4. Install the universal forwarder with the tested configuration onto a source machine.
5. Stop the universal forwarder.
6. Run this CLI command on the forwarder:
This clears instance-specific information, such as the server name and GUID, from the forwarder. This information will then be configured on each cloned forwarder at initial start-up.
7. Prep your image or virtual machine, as necessary, for cloning.
8. On *nix systems, set the splunkd daemon to start on boot using cron or your scheduling system of choice. On Windows, set the service to
Automatic but do not start it.
9. Distribute system image or virtual machine clones to machines across your environment and start them.
10. Confirm that forwarders have connected to the indexers you specified during forwarder setup.
Steps in the above deployment procedure reference these subtopics.
Install the universal forwarder
Install the universal forwarder using the procedure specific to your operating system:
- To install on a *nix machine, see "Deploy a nix universal forwarder manually".
- For a Windows machine, you can use the installer GUI or the command line interface. To install with the GUI, see "Deploy a Windows universal forwarder via the installer GUI". For information on the command line interface, see "Deploy a Windows universal forwarder via the command line".
Important: On a Windows machine, if you do not want the universal forwarder to start immediately after installation, you must use the command line interface. Using the proper command line flags, you can configure the universal forwarder so that it does not start on the source machine when installed but does start automatically on the clones, once they're activated.
At the time of installation, you can also configure the universal forwarder. See "General configuration issues" in the Deployment Overview.
Perform additional configuration
You can update your universal forwarder's configuration, post-installation, by directly editing its configuration files, such as
outputs.conf. See "Configure the universal forwarder" for information.
For information on distributing configuration changes across multiple universal forwarders, see "About deployment server" in the Updating Splunk Enterprise Instances manual.
Test the deployment
Test your configured universal forwarder on a single machine, to make sure it functions correctly, before deploying the universal forwarder across your environment. When testing the deployment, ask these questions:
1. Do the data inputs that you configured in the forwarder collect the data you want?
If they don't:
- Check the inputs.conf on the forwarder and confirm that the input stanzas are correct. For example, if you want to configure monitoring a file, confirm that the inputs.conf on the forwarder references that file.
- Confirm that the stanza that references the file is not disabled (look for 'disabled = 1' in the stanza.)
2. Does the forwarder send the data you expect to the place you expect it?
If it doesn't:
- Confirm that the outputs.conf on the forwarder has been correctly configured. The outputs.conf file should reference a receiving indexer that the forwarder can access over the network via a host name or IP address and port that you specify.
- Confirm that no firewall blocks network traffic on the ports you specify on both the forwarder and receiver.
- Confirm that the ports you specify on the forwarder and receiver are the same, as they must be for forwarding to occur. For example, if you specify port 9997 as the receiving port on the indexer, you must specify this same port as the target in the outputs.conf configuration on the forwarder.
- Use the Search page on the receiving indexer to confirm that you see events that you configured on the forwarder.
Route and filter data
Forward data to third-party systems
This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 6.3.0, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.3, 6.3.4, 6.3.5, 6.3.6, 6.3.7, 6.3.8, 6.3.9, 6.3.10, 6.3.11, 6.3.12, 6.3.13, 6.3.14