Splunk® Enterprise

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Sankey diagrams

Use Sankey diagrams to visualize node entities and the proportional flow between them. The width of the links represent the volume of flow.

Generate a Sankey diagram

  1. Select the Sankey diagram using the visual editor by clicking the Add Chart button ( The Add Chart button in the editing toolbar. ) in the editing toolbar and either browsing through the available charts, or by using the search option.
  2. Select the chart on your dashboard so that it's highlighted with the blue editing outline.
  3. Set up a new data source by adding a search to the Search with SPL window if you are selecting a chart, or by clicking + Setup Primary Data Source if you've selected a shape.
  4. To select an existing data source, close the Configuration panel and reopen it. In the Data Configurations section, click +Setup Primary Data Source and click + Create Ad hoc Search to create a new search from this window. You can also choose a new ID that describes the search better than the default.

Configuration panel options

You can use the Configuration panel to configure the following Sankey diagram components.

Title

Give your visualization a name. This is also helpful when searching for individual visualizations in the dashboard definitions. This name is not the same as the automatically assigned unique ID.

Description

Give your visualization a description to explain what the user is viewing.

Data Configurations

You can choose one of the following data options:

  • An existing data source or create a new data source
  • A chain search
  • A saved search

Your data source must have the following in the fields stanza:

  • source - the node entity from which flow begins
  • target - the node entity to which flow ends
  • value - a numerical value that represents the width of the source node

You can also add an optional field for dynamic coloring. For example, if you add another value and name it value2.

Data Selection

Use the Link Value Field to specify the data source field that determines link width.

Coloring

  • Color Mode - Choose between Categorical or Dynamic. Categorical uses a unique color for each source node. Dynamic provides the ability to assign colors based on values returned from a selected field.
  • Background - To change the background color of the diagram panel, click the color box to select from a palette or enter a hexadecimal code. For example, enter #FF7189 for a shade of pink.

Code

Select your visualization or its search to view and edit the source code in real-time. You can also change the Visualization ID to a more readable ID to help identify this visualization in the source code.

Sankey diagram example

The following example bypasses the visual editor and directly sets the diagram's data source in the source editor.

A Sankey diagram showing the distribution of energy resources.

Source code

The following source code is an example of a Sankey diagram. Notice how ds_sankey is set as the primary data source for viz_sankeyDiagram and the data is manually added to dataSources with prefilled columns and fields.

[...]
"visualizations": {
       "viz_sankeyDiagram": {
           "type": "splunk.sankey",
           "dataSources": {
               "primary": "ds_sankey"
           },
           "title": "Resource Distribution"
       },
       "options": {}
   },
   "dataSources": {
       "ds_sankey": {
           "type": "ds.test",
           "options": {
               "data": {
                   "columns": [
                       [
                           "Oil",
                           "Natural Gas",
                           "Coal",
                           "Coal",
                           "Fossil Fuels",
                           "Electricity",
                           "Electricity",
                           "Energy"
                       ],
                       [
                           "Fossil Fuels",
                           "Fossil Fuels",
                           "Fossil Fuels",
                           "Electricity",
                           "Energy",
                           "Energy",
                           "Electricity",
                           "Oil"
                       ],
                       [
                           15,
                           20,
                           25,
                           25,
                           60,
                           25,
                           5,
                           2
                       ],
                       [
                           1,
                           20,
                           3,
                           4,
                           50,
                           6,
                           7,
                           8
                       ]
                   ],
                   "fields": [
                       "source",
                       "target",
                       "value",
                       "value2"
                   ]
               }
           }
       }
   },
[...]

Source options for Sankey diagrams

Property Type Default Description
backgroundColor string > themes.defaultBackgroundColor Specify the color for the background. You may use a dataSource to apply the color. The default for enterprise light is "#ffffff". The default for enterprise dark is "#000000". The default for prisma dark is "#0b0c0e".
colorMode (categorical | dynamic) categorical Specify the coloring method used for the links. When set to "categorical" the nodes and links will be colored based on the "seriesColors". When set to "dynamic" the links will be colored based on the dynamic string assigned to "linkColors". ("categorical" | "dynamic")
linkOpacity number 0.5 Specify the opacity of the links. Choose a number in the range of 0 - 1 (inclusive).
linkValues string > primary | seriesByType('number') Specify the dataSource to apply link width.
linkColors string > linkValues | rangeValue(linkColorRangeConfig) Specify the coloring method used for the links when the colorMode "dynamic" is specified.
resultLimit number 1000 Specify the maximum length of link data points rendered.
seriesColors string #7B56DB,#009CEB,#00CDAF,#DD9900,#FF677B,#CB2196,#813193,#0051B5,#008C80,#99B100,#FFA476,#FF6ACE,#AE8CFF,#00689D,#00490A,#465D00,#9D6300,#F6540B,#FF969E,#E47BFE Specify the colors used for a series. For example, ["#FF0000", "#0000FF", "#008000"].
Last modified on 03 March, 2022
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This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Enterprise: 9.0.0, 9.0.1


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