Include alt text in images
Some Splunk customers use screen reader software, or screen readers, to read our documentation. Screen readers convert the contents on a page into synthesized speech for a user to listen to. All images in Splunk docs must have alt text so the entire page is accessible through screen reader software. Alt text is a written-out equivalent of the image that a screen reader can dictate.
You can find more information about website accessibility requirements on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) website and on the Section 508 government website. For more information on accessibility in Splunk docs, see Write accessible documentation.
All images in Splunk docs, whether a screenshot, diagram, GIF, or inline image, must have alt text. For inline images, GIFs, and complex diagrams, it's important to have adequate surrounding text so you don't place too much information in the alt text. As a general best practice, ensure that the entire section still makes sense if you replace an image with its alt text.
When you're writing surrounding text, keep the following points in mind:
- For an inline image, write the name or description of the icon in the sentence. Put the icon in parentheses immediately after that text.
- For a complex diagram, use lines of surrounding text to explain the diagram. You can include a simple sentence in the alt text that refers to the precise location of this descriptive text.
- Lead into the image with a complete sentence. Punctuate the end of the sentence with a colon.
- It's okay to use "before", "after", and "following" in the surrounding text when you refer to an image. Don't rely on directional language, such as "left", "right", "above", or "below", when you refer to a location in a UI or document. These instructions are unhelpful to users of screen readers.
When you're writing alt text for an image, keep the following points in mind:
- Use short phrases or complete sentences with punctuation.
- Avoid starting alt text with general phrases like "Image of". If you want to specify the type of image, you can describe the image using phrases like "Screenshot of" or "Diagram of".
- Focus on describing the meaning of the image rather than what you see in the image.
- Lead with the most important information.
- Introduce only relevant information based on the context of the topic.
- Don't call out implications or add new information to the alt text.
- Keep the alt text concise overall. If you need to add detailed information to convey the meaning of the image, add this information to the surrounding text.
- For complex images, introduce the image with the surrounding text first. Then, add the most important information about the image in the first sentence of alt text. Add another sentence of alt text that describes where the surrounding text is on that page.
Alt text examples
Good alt text describes an image so that a user who uses screen readers can reach the same understanding as a user who can perceive the image visually.
The following examples show what good surrounding text and alt text can look like for different types of images.
Screenshot of full-width UI
This example shows a screenshot of the full width of the UI and its surrounding text:
An uploaded package can have the following possible statuses: approved, installed, rejected, vetting, and app validation failed to complete. When the package is uploaded successfully, the package and its status appear on the Uploaded Apps page in Splunk Web. The app version appears only when the package passes all AppInspect checks and is approved. The following screenshot shows an example of the Uploaded Apps page:
Simple flow diagram
This example shows a flow diagram with its surrounding text:
Simple search process diagram
This example shows a search process diagram and its surrounding text:
In a typical distributed search process, there are two search processing phases: a map phase and a reduce phase. The map phase takes place across the indexers in your deployment. In the map phase, the indexers locate event data that matches the search and sorts it into field-value pairs. When the map phase is complete, indexers send the results to the search head for the reduce phase. During the reduce phase, the search heads process the results through the commands in your search and aggregate them to produce a final result set.
The following diagram illustrates the standard two-phase distributed search process.
Complex cluster diagram
This example shows a diagram and its surrounding text:
You can use Splunk Phantom on-premises or in Amazon Web Services to monitor and automate responses to security issues. Splunk Phantom uses a PostgreSQL database to store information about incidents or cases, a file share to save relevant items in a vault, and a Splunk Cloud Platform or Splunk Enterprise deployment. You can choose either a limited, internal deployment that runs without a user interface or a fully featured deployment that's external from Splunk Phantom.
In order to horizontally scale Splunk Phantom to handle larger workloads, you can deploy Splunk Phantom as a cluster, which consists of three or more instances of Splunk Phantom that share all of the resources previously mentioned.
This diagram shows an example of a Splunk Phantom cluster with the connections marked:
This example shows a GIF with its surrounding text. The alt text contains a detailed description of what happens during the animation:
This example shows an icon that users must select as part of a step in a task. The alt text contains the name or function of the icon.
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This documentation applies to the following versions of Splunk® Style Guide: current