Docs » Supported integrations in Splunk Observability Cloud » Instrument back-end applications to send spans to Splunk APM » Instrument .NET applications for Splunk Observability Cloud (OpenTelemetry) » Troubleshoot .NET instrumentation for Splunk Observability Cloud

Troubleshoot .NET instrumentation for Splunk Observability Cloud 🔗

When you instrument a .NET application using the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry .NET and you don’t see your data in Splunk Observability Cloud, follow these troubleshooting steps.

General troubleshooting 🔗

Follow these steps to troubleshoot general instrumentation issues:

  1. Check that you’ve configured all settings according to your needs. See Configure the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry .NET.

  2. Check what environment variables apply to your process:

    # Run a tool like Process Explorer or execute the following:

Activate debug logging 🔗

You can activate debug logging to obtain more information about the issue:

  1. Set the OTEL_LOG_LEVEL environment variable to debug before starting your instrumented application.

  2. Run your application or service and generate some activity.

  3. Collect the debug logs. The instrumentation saves its logs in the following locations:

    • Windows: %ProgramData%\OpenTelemetry .NET AutoInstrumentation\logs

    • Linux: /var/log/opentelemetry/dotnet

    If the default log directories can’t be created, logs are saved in the user’s temporary folder.

    You can change the default location by updating the OTEL_DOTNET_AUTO_LOG_DIRECTORY environment variable. See Diagnostic logging settings for more information and settings.


Activate debug logging only when needed. Debug mode requires more resources.

Find the runtime identifier for your .NET applications 🔗

If you’re using Splunk automatic discovery to instrument your .NET applications, you might need a runtime identifier to configure the appropriate instrumentation.

To find your runtime identifier, follow these steps:

  1. In your Program.cs file, make sure that your code includes the following dependency:

    using System.Runtime.InteropServices
  2. In your main application, add the following code to print your runtime identifier information:

  3. Run the application and check your application logs.

  4. Verify that the runtime identifier is supported for your instrumentation.

Traces don’t appear in Splunk Observability Cloud 🔗

If traces from your instrumented application or service are not available in Splunk Observability Cloud, verify the OpenTelemetry Collector configuration:

  1. Make sure that OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_ENDPOINT points to the correct OpenTelemetry Collector instance host.

  2. Check that your collector instance is configured and running. See Troubleshoot the Splunk OpenTelemetry Collector.

  3. Check that the OTLP receiver is activated in the OTel Collector and plugged into the traces pipeline.

  4. Check that the OTel Collector points to the following address: http://<host>:4318. Verify that your URL is correct.

Assembly in AdditionalDeps was not found 🔗

The following assembly error message might appear in some cases:

An assembly specified in the application dependencies manifest (OpenTelemetry.AutoInstrumentation.AdditionalDeps.deps.json) was not found

To troubleshoot the issue, activate host tracing as in the following example:


Run the application to collect the logs.

High CPU usage 🔗

By default, the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry .NET instruments all .NET processes running on the host automatically. This might significantly increase CPU usage if you’ve activated the instrumentation in the system or user scope. Make sure that the instrumentation’s environment variables are always set in the process or terminal scope.

To restrict global instrumentation to a set of processes, use the OTEL_DOTNET_AUTO_EXCLUDE_PROCESSES environment variable, which excludes processes for instrumentation. See Configure the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry .NET for more information.

Deactivate specific instrumentations 🔗

All instrumentations are activated by default for all signal types: traces, metrics, and logs.

You can deactivate all instrumentations for a specific signal type by setting the OTEL_DOTNET_AUTO_{SIGNAL}_ENABLED_INSTRUMENTATIONS environment variable to false.

For a more granular approach, you can deactivate specific instrumentations for a given signal type by setting the OTEL_DOTNET_AUTO_{SIGNAL}_{INSTRUMENTATION}_INSTRUMENTATION_ENABLED environment variable to false, where {SIGNAL} is the type of signal, for example traces, and {INSTRUMENTATION} is the case-sensitive name of the instrumentation.


You can’t set environment variables for deactivating instrumentations using the web.config or app.config files.

Troubleshoot AlwaysOn Profiling for .NET 🔗

See the following common issues and fixes for AlwaysOn Profiling:

Check that AlwaysOn Profiling is activated 🔗

The .NET instrumentation logs the string ContinuousProfiler::StartThreadSampling started at info log level. To check whether AlwaysOn Profiling is activated, search your logs for strings similar to the following:

10/12/23 12:10:31.962 PM [12096|22036] [info] ContinuousProfiler::StartThreadSampling

If no string appears, make sure that you’ve activated the profiler by setting the SPLUNK_PROFILER_ENABLED environment variable to true. See .NET OTel settings for AlwaysOn Profiling.

Check the AlwaysOn Profiling configuration 🔗

If AlwaysOn Profiling is not working as intended, check the configuration settings. The .NET instrumentation logs AlwaysOn Profiling settings using Debug messages at startup. You can grep for the string Continuous profiling configuration: to see the configuration.

Unsupported .NET version 🔗

To use AlwaysOn Profiling, upgrade your .NET version to .NET 6.0 or higher.

None of the .NET Framework versions is supported.

AlwaysOn Profiling data and logs don’t appear in Splunk Observability Cloud 🔗

Collector configuration issues might prevent AlwaysOn Profiling data and logs from appearing in Splunk Observability Cloud.

To solve this issue, do the following:

  1. Check the configuration of the .NET instrumentation, especially SPLUNK_PROFILER_LOGS_ENDPOINT.

  2. Verify that the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector is running at the expected endpoint and that the application host or container can resolve the host name and connect to the OTLP port.

  3. Make sure that you’re running the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector and that the version is 0.34 or higher. The required version for memory profiling is 0.44. Other collector distributions might not be able to route the log data that contains profiling data.

  4. A custom configuration might override settings that let the collector handle profiling data. Make sure to configure an otlp receiver and a splunk_hec exporter with correct token and endpoint fields. The profiling pipeline must use the OTLP receiver and Splunk HEC exporter you’ve configured. See Splunk HEC exporter for more information.

The following snippet contains a sample profiling pipeline:


  # Profiling
    token: "${SPLUNK_ACCESS_TOKEN}"
    endpoint: "${SPLUNK_INGEST_URL}/v1/log"
    log_data_enabled: false

    check_interval: 2s
    limit_mib: ${SPLUNK_MEMORY_LIMIT_MIB}

      receivers: [otlp]
      processors: [memory_limiter, batch]
      exporters: [splunk_hec, splunk_hec/profiling]

Loss of profiling data or gaps in profiling data 🔗

When the instrumentation can’t send data to Splunk OpenTelemetry Collector due to full buffers, AlwaysOn Profiling activates the escape hatch, which drops all logs with profiling data until the buffers are empty.

If the escape hatch activates, it logs the following message:

Skipping a thread sample period, buffers are full.

You can also look for the ** THIS WILL RESULT IN LOSS OF PROFILING DATA **. message.

The thread sampler resumes its activity when any of the buffers is empty.

To avoid the loss of profiling data due to full buffers, check the configuration and the communication layer between your process and the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector.

Assembly version conflicts 🔗

When installing the .NET instrumentation, you might encounter dependency version conflicts that result in error messages such as:

Unhandled exception. System.IO.FileNotFoundException: Could not load file or assembly 'Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.Abstractions, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=adb9793829ddae60'. The system cannot find the file specified.

File name: 'Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.Abstractions, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=adb9793829ddae60'
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder.WebApplicationBuilder..ctor(WebApplicationOptions options, Action`1 configureDefaults)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder.WebApplication.CreateBuilder(String[] args)
   at Program.<Main>$(String[] args) in /Blog.Core/Blog.Core.Api/Program.cs:line 26

To resolve this issue, install the .NET instrumentation using the NuGet packages, as NuGet automatically installs the correct dependencies that the package requires.

Alternatively, you can update to the latest version of .NET, as this reduces the likelihood of dependency version conflicts.

Uninstall the instrumentation 🔗

To uninstall the .NET instrumentation, see Uninstall the .NET instrumentation.

This page was last updated on Jul 09, 2024.