Docs » Get started with the Splunk Distribution of the OpenTelemetry Collector » Get started with the Collector for Linux » Install the Collector for Linux with the installer script

Install the Collector for Linux with the installer script πŸ”—

The Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector for Linux is a package that provides integrated collection and forwarding for all data types.

Install the package using one of these methods:

Installer script πŸ”—

The Collector supports the following Linux distributions and versions:

  • Amazon Linux: 2, 2023. Log collection with Fluentd is not currently supported for Amazon Linux 2023.

  • CentOS, Red Hat, or Oracle: 7, 8, 9

  • Debian: 9, 10, 11

  • SUSE: 12, 15 for version 0.34.0 or higher. Log collection with Fluentd is not currently supported.

  • Ubuntu: 16.04, 18.04, 20.04, and 22.04

  • Rocky Linux: 8, 9

The installer script deploys and configures these elements:

  • The Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector for Linux

  • Fluentd, using the td-agent. Turned off by default. See Fluent Forward receiver for more information

To install the package using the installer script, follow these steps:

  1. Ensure you have systemd, curl and sudo installed.

  2. Download and run the installer script.

  3. Replace the following variables for your environment:

curl -sSL https://dl.signalfx.com/splunk-otel-collector.sh > /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh;
sudo sh /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh --realm $SPLUNK_REALM --memory $SPLUNK_MEMORY_TOTAL_MIB -- $SPLUNK_ACCESS_TOKEN

Note

If you have a Log Observer entitlement or want to collect logs for the target host with Fluentd, use the --with-fluentd option to also install Fluentd when installing the Collector.

Configure memory allocation πŸ”—

To configure memory allocation, change the --memory parameter. By default, this parameter is set to 512 MiB, or 500 x 2^20 bytes, of memory. Increase this setting to allocate more memory, as shown in the following example.

curl -sSL https://dl.signalfx.com/splunk-otel-collector.sh > /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh;
sudo sh /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh --realm $SPLUNK_REALM --memory $SPLUNK_MEMORY_TOTAL_MIB \
    -- $SPLUNK_ACCESS_TOKEN

Configure proxy settings πŸ”—

To configure proxy settings to install and run the OpenTelemetry Collector, see Configure proxy settings for the Collector.

Use configured repos πŸ”—

By default, apt/yum/zypper repo definition files are created to download the package and Fluentd deb/rpm packages from https://splunk.jfrog.io/splunk and https://packages.treasuredata.com , respectively.

To skip these steps and use configured repos on the target system that provide the splunk-otel-collector and td-agent deb/rpm packages, specify the --skip-collector-repo or --skip-fluentd-repo options. For example:

curl -sSL https://dl.signalfx.com/splunk-otel-collector.sh > /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh && \
sudo sh /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh --realm $SPLUNK_REALM --skip-collector-repo --skip-fluentd-repo \
 -- $SPLUNK_ACCESS_TOKEN

Configure Fluentd πŸ”—

Fluentd is turned off by default. To install Fluentd for log collection, run the installer script with the --with-fluentd option. For example:

curl -sSL https://dl.signalfx.com/splunk-otel-collector.sh > /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh && \
sudo sh /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh --with-fluentd --realm $SPLUNK_REALM -- $SPLUNK_ACCESS_TOKEN

When turned on, the Fluentd service is configured by default to collect and forward log events with the @SPLUNK label to the Collector, which then sends these events to the HEC ingest endpoint determined by the --realm <SPLUNK_REALM> option. For example, https://ingest.<SPLUNK_REALM>.signalfx.com/v1/log.

The following Fluentd plugins are also installed:

  • capng_c for activating Linux capabilities.

  • fluent-plugin-systemd for systemd journal log collection.

Additionally, the following dependencies are installed as prerequisites for the Fluentd plugins:

Debian-based systems:

  • build-essential

  • libcap-ng0

  • libcap-ng-dev

  • pkg-config

RPM-based systems:

  • Development Tools

  • libcap-ng

  • libcap-ng-devel

  • pkgconfig

You can specify the following parameters to configure the package to send log events to a custom Splunk HTTP Event Collector (HEC) endpoint URL:

  • --hec-url <URL>

  • --hec-token <TOKEN>

HEC lets you send data and application events to a Splunk deployment over the HTTP and Secure HTTP (HTTPS) protocols. See Set up and use HTTP Event Collector in Splunk Web .

The main Fluentd configuration is installed to /etc/otel/collector/fluentd/fluent.conf. Custom Fluentd source configuration files can be added to the /etc/otel/collector/fluentd/conf.d directory after installation.

Note the following:

  • In this directory, all files with the .conf extension are automatically included by Fluentd.

  • The td-agent user must have permissions to access the configuration files and the paths defined within.

  • By default, Fluentd is configured to collect systemd journal log events from /var/log/journal.

After any configuration modification, run sudo systemctl restart td-agent to restart the td-agent service.

If the td-agent package is upgraded after initial installation, you might need to set the Linux capabilities for the new version by performing the following steps for td-agent versions 4.1 or higher:

  1. Check for the activated capabilities:

    sudo /opt/td-agent/bin/fluent-cap-ctl --get -f /opt/td-agent/bin/ruby
    Capabilities in `` /opt/td-agent/bin/ruby`` ,
    Effective:   dac_override, dac_read_search
    Inheritable: dac_override, dac_read_search
    Permitted:   dac_override, dac_read_search
    
  2. If the output from the previous command does not include dac_override and dac_read_search as shown above, run the following commands:

    sudo td-agent-gem install capng_c
    sudo /opt/td-agent/bin/fluent-cap-ctl --add "dac_override,dac_read_search" -f /opt/td-agent/bin/ruby
    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    sudo systemctl restart td-agent
    

If you already installed Fluentd on a host, install the Collector without Fluentd using the --without-fluentd option. For more information, see Get started: Understand and use the Collector.

Configure automatic instrumentation for Java πŸ”—

You can also automatically instrument your Java applications along with the Collector installation. Auto instrumentation removes the need to install and configure the Java agent separately. See Splunk OpenTelemetry Zero Configuration Auto Instrumentation for Java for the installation instructions. For more information on Java instrumentation, see Instrument Java applications for Splunk Observability Cloud.

Options of the installer script for Linux πŸ”—

The Linux installer script supports the following options:

Option

Description

Default value

--api-url <url>

Set the API endpoint URL explicitly instead of using the endpoint inferred from the specified realm.

https://api.REALM.signalfx.com

--ballast <ballast size>

Set the ballast size explicitly instead of the value calculated using the --memory option. See Sizing and scaling for more information.

512

--beta

Use the beta package repository.

Not applicable

--collector-config <path>

Set the path to an existing custom configuration file for the Collector service instead of using the default configuration file provided by the Collector package based on the --mode <agent|gateway> option. If the specified file requires custom environment variables, you can manually add both the variables and values to $collector_env_path after installation. Restart the Collectorservice with the sudo systemctl restart splunk-otel-collector command for the changes to take effect.

--collector-version <version>

The Collector package version to install.

latest

--discovery

Activate discovery mode on Collector startup. See Discover and configure metrics sources automatically for more information.

Deactivated

--hec-token <token>

Set the HEC token if it`` s different than the specified access_token.

--hec-url <url>

Set the HEC endpoint URL explicitly instead of using the endpoint inferred from the specified realm.

https://ingest.REALM.signalfx.com/v1/log

--ingest-url <url>

Set the ingest endpoint URL explicitly instead of using the endpoint inferred from the specified realm.

https://ingest.REALM.signalfx.com

--memory <memory size>

Total memory in MIB to allocate to the Collector. This option automatically calculates the ballast size. See Sizing and scaling for more information.

512

--mode <agent|gateway>

Configure the Collector service to run in host monitoring (agent) or data forwarding (gateway) mode. See Collector deployment modes for more information.

agent

--listen-interface <ip>

Network interface the Collector receivers listen on.

0.0.0.0

--realm <us0|us1|eu0|...>

The Splunk realm to use. The ingest, API, trace, and HEC endpoint URLs are automatically generated using this value.

us0

--service-group <group>

Set the group for the splunk-otel-collector service. The option creates the group if it doesn’t exist.

splunk-otel-collector

--service-user <user>

Set the user for the splunk-otel-collector service. The option creates the user if it doesn’t exist.

splunk-otel-collector

--skip-collector-repo

By default, the scripts create an apt, yum, or zypper repo definition file to download the Collector package from $repo_base. Use this option to skip the previous step and use a configured repo on the target system that provides the splunk-otel-collector deb or rpm package.

--skip-fluentd-repo

By default, the scripts create an apt, yum, or zypper repo definition file to download the fluentd package from $td_agent_repo_base. Use this option to skip the previous step and use a configured repo on the target system that provides the splunk-otel-collector deb or rpm package.

--test

Use the test package repo.

Not applicable

--trace-url <url>

Set the trace endpoint URL explicitly instead of the endpoint inferred from the specified realm.

https://ingest.REALM.signalfx.com/v2/trace

--uninstall

Removes the Splunk OpenTelemetry Collector for Linux.

Not applicable

--with[out]-fluentd

Whether to install and configure fluentd to forward log events to the Collector. See Configure Fluentd for more information.

--without-fluentd

--with[out]-instrumentation

Whether to install and configure the splunk-otel-auto-instrumentation package. See Splunk OpenTelemetry Zero Configuration Auto Instrumentation for more information.

--without-instrumentation

--deployment-environment <value>

Set the deployment.environment resource attribute to the specified value. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified.

Empty

--service-name <name>

Override the autogenerated service names for all instrumented Java applications on this host with <name>. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified.

Empty

--[no-]generate-service-name

Specify --no-generate-service-name to prevent the preloader from setting the OTEL_SERVICE_NAME environment variable. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified. This option has been deprecated for Splunk OpenTelemetry Auto Instrumentation versions 0.87 or higher, and the bundled Auto Instrumentation agents automatically generate a service name by default.

--generate-service-name

--[enable|disable]-telemetry

Activate or deactivate the instrumentation preloader from sending the splunk.linux-autoinstr.executions metric to the Collector. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified. This option has been deprecated for Splunk OpenTelemetry Auto Instrumentation versions 0.87 or higher, and the libsplunk.so library no longer generates the splunk.linux-autoinstr.executions telemetry metric.

--enable-telemetry

--[enable|disable]-profiler

Activate or deactivate AlwaysOn CPU Profiling. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified.

--disable-profiler

--[enable|disable]-profiler-memory

Activate or deactivate AlwaysOn Memory Profiling. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified.

--disable-profiler-memory

--[enable|disable]-metrics

Activate or deactivate exporting Micrometer metrics. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified.

--disable-metrics

--instrumentation-version

The package version to install. Only applicable if the --with-instrumentation option is also specified.

latest

--

Use -- if the access token starts with - .

Not applicable

To display all the configuration options supported by the script, use the -h flag.

curl -sSL https://dl.signalfx.com/splunk-otel-collector.sh > /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh;
sh /tmp/splunk-otel-collector.sh -h

Install the Collector using deployment tools πŸ”—

Splunk offers the configuration management options described in this section.

Amazon ECS EC2 πŸ”—

Note

Available for Prometheus only.

Splunk provides a task definition to deploy the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector to ECS EC2. The task definition is a text file, in JSON format, that describes one or more containers that form your application. See Deploy the Collector with Amazon ECS EC2 for the installation instructions.

Amazon Fargate πŸ”—

Note

Available for Prometheus only. Not yet available for Amazon EKS.

Splunk provides a guided setup to deploy the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector on Amazon Fargate as a sidecar (additional container) to Amazon ECS tasks. See Deploy the Collector with Amazon ECS Fargate for the installation instructions.

Ansible πŸ”—

Splunk provides an Ansible role that installs the package configured to collect data (metrics, traces, and logs) from Linux machines and send that data to Splunk Observability Cloud. See Deploy the Collector with Ansible for Linux for the instructions to download and customize the role.

Chef πŸ”—

Splunk provides a cookbook to install the Collector using Chef. See Deploy the Collector with Chef for the installation instructions.

Heroku πŸ”—

The Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector for Heroku is a buildpack for the Collector. The buildpack installs and runs the Collector on a Dyno to receive, process, and export metric and trace data for Splunk Observability Cloud. See Heroku for the steps to install the buildpack.

Nomad πŸ”—

Use Nomad to deploy the Collector. See Deploy the Collector with Nomad for the installation instructions.

Pivotal Cloud Foundry πŸ”—

You can use one of these three options to deploy the Collector with Pivotal Cloud Foundry (PCF):

  • Collector standalone deployment.

  • Collector as a sidecar to your app.

  • Tanzu Tile.

See more in Deploy the Collector with Pivotal Cloud Foundry.

Puppet πŸ”—

Splunk provides a Puppet module to install and configure the package. A module is a collection of resources, classes, files, definition, and templates. See Deploy the Collector with Puppet for Linux for the instructions to download and customize the module.

Salt πŸ”—

Splunk provides a Salt formula to install and configure the Collector. See Deploy the Collector with Salt for the instructions.

Next steps πŸ”—

After you`` ve installed the package, you can perform these actions: