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Connect Java trace data with logs for Splunk Observability Cloud πŸ”—

The agent from the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Java automtically annotates application logs with trace ID, span ID, and flags. The agent then sends the logs to Splunk through the OpenTelemetry Collector.

If needed, you can configure your Java logging library to produce logs that include additional attributes provided automatically by the Splunk OTel Java agent, like the version of your service or the deployment environment.


Logs export requires the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector.

Check compatibility and requirements πŸ”—

The Splunk OTel Java agent supports the following logging libraries:

  • Log4j 2 2.7 and higher

  • Log4j 1 1.2 and higher

  • Logback 1.0 and higher

  • JBoss LogManager 1.1.0 and higher

The java.util.logging library is fully supported in all JDK versions that are compatible with the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Java. See Java agent compatibility and requirements.

Trace metadata in log statements πŸ”—

The Splunk OTel Java agent automatically add the following attributes for logging libraries by default:

  • Trace information: trace_id and span_id

  • Trace flags

The Collector sends the annotated logs through the OTLP exporter.

Deactivate logs export πŸ”—

To turn off logs export, set the OTEL_LOGS_EXPORTER environment variable or the otel.logs.exporter system property to none.

Inject resource attributes πŸ”—

While the Java agent automatically generates and sends logs to Splunk through the Collector, you can still produce annotated logs using a compatible log library, so that logs can be collected manually or go through the Universal Forwarder. See Introduction to Splunk Log Observer Connect.

For example, you can inject resource attributes in your log statements, such as and deployment.environment. This requires defining the attributes you want to inject and configuring your logger manually.

Define the resource attributes πŸ”—

Before injecting attributes, you must make them available through the Mapped Diagnostic Context (MDC) by setting the mdc.resource-attributes property at runtime. For example:,deployment.environment

Configure your logging library πŸ”—

The Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Java exposes resource attributes as context properties, which you can use to configure logger libraries.

The following examples show how to include additional metadata in log statements produced by the logging library:

Edit your Log4j configuration, for example in the src/main/resources/log4j2.xml file. Depending on your environment, you might have to edit a different file or use a different configuration system.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Configuration status="WARN">
      <Console name="STDOUT" target="SYSTEM_OUT">
         <JsonLayout compact="true" eventEol="true">
            <KeyValuePair key="trace_id" value="${ctx:trace_id}"/>
            <KeyValuePair key="span_id" value="${ctx:span_id}"/>
            <KeyValuePair key="" value="${}"/>
            <KeyValuePair key="environment" value="${ctx:deployment.environment}"/>
            <KeyValuePair key="trace_sampled" value="${ctx:trace_flags}"/>
   <!-- More configuration -->

For Spring Boot applications, you can also edit the file to add the following logging pattern:

logging.pattern.console = %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} - %logger{36} - %msg trace_id=%X{trace_id} span_id=%X{span_id} service=%X{}, env=%X{deployment.environment} trace_flags=%X{trace_flags} %n

If you’re instrumenting a serverless service or application, use environment variables instead. The deployment environment requires that you set an arbitrary environment variable, for example OTEL_ENV_NAME.

   <pattern>${OTEL_SERVICE_NAME}, deployment.environment=${OTEL_ENV_NAME} %m%n

This page was last updated on Jul 18, 2024.