Docs » Get started with the Splunk Distribution of the OpenTelemetry Collector » Collector components » Collector components: Processors » Span processor

Span processor 🔗

The span processor allows you to:

  • Modify the span name based on its attributes.

  • Extract span attributes from the span name.

  • Change span status.

  • Optionally, you can include or exclude spans. Read more in the GitHub Filtering repo at Include/Exclude Filtering .

The supported pipeline types are traces. See Process your data with pipelines for more information.

Get started 🔗

Follow these steps to configure and activate the component:

  1. Deploy the Splunk Distribution of OpenTelemetry Collector to your host or container platform:

  2. Configure the span processor as described in the next section.

  3. Restart the Collector.

Sample configurations 🔗

To activate the span processor, add span to the processors section of your configuration file, as shown in the following example:


The processor supports the following actions:

  • name: Modify the name of attributes within a span.

  • status: Modify the status of the span.

Next, add the processor to the service pipelines section of your configuration file, for example:

      processors: [span]

Use the span processor 🔗

Name a span 🔗

To name a span, use the following settings:

  • from_attributes. Required. The attribute value for the keys used to create a new name in the order specified in the configuration.

  • separator: A string used to split values.


If renaming is dependent on attributes being modified by the Attributes processor, ensure the span processor is specified after the attributes processor in the pipelines.

    # from_attributes represents the attribute keys to pull the values from to generate the new span name.
    from_attributes: [<key1>, <key2>, ...]
    # Separator is the string used to concatenate various parts of the span name.
    separator: <value>

Example 🔗

See the following example:

    from_attributes: ["db.svc", "operation"]
    separator: "::"

Extract attributes from a span name 🔗

The span processor takes a list of regular expressions to match the span name against, and extracts attributes from it based on subexpressions. It must be specified under the to_attributes section.

To extract attributes from a span name, use the following settings:

  • rules. Required. A list of rules to extract attribute values from span name. The values in the span name are replaced by extracted attribute names. Each rule in the list is a regex pattern string.

    • The span name is checked against the regex and, if the regex matches, all named subexpressions of the regex are extracted as attributes and are added to the span.

    • Each subexpression name becomes an attribute name and subexpression matched portion becomes the attribute value. The matched portion in the span name is replaced by the extracted attribute name.

    • If the attributes already exist in the span they are overwritten.

    • The process is repeated for all rules in the order they are specified. Each subsequent rule works on the span name that is the output after processing the previous rule.

  • break_after_match. Required. false by default. Specifies if processing of rules should stop after the first match. If false, rule processing will continue to be performed over the modified span name.

        - regexp-rule1
        - regexp-rule2
        - regexp-rule3
      break_after_match: <true|false>

Example 🔗

See the following example:

# Let's assume input span name is /api/v1/document/12345678/update
# Applying the following results in output span name /api/v1/document/{documentId}/update
# and will add a new attribute "documentId"="12345678" to the span.
        - ^\/api\/v1\/document\/(?P<documentId>.*)\/update$

Set the status for a span 🔗

To set the status for a span, see the following settings:

  • code. Required. Represents the span status. Accepted values: Unset, Error, Ok.

  • description. Only used for code Error.

Example 🔗

See the following example:

# Set status allows to set specific status for a given span. Possible values are
# Ok, Error and Unset as per
# The description field allows to set a human-readable message for errors.
    code: Error
    description: "some error description"

Settings 🔗

The following table shows the configuration options for the span processor:

Troubleshooting 🔗

If you are a Splunk Observability Cloud customer and are not able to see your data in Splunk Observability Cloud, you can get help in the following ways.

Available to Splunk Observability Cloud customers

Available to prospective customers and free trial users

  • Ask a question and get answers through community support at Splunk Answers .

  • Join the Splunk #observability user group Slack channel to communicate with customers, partners, and Splunk employees worldwide. To join, see Chat groups in the Get Started with Splunk Community manual.

To learn about even more support options, see Splunk Customer Success .